Nontuberculous Mycobacteria

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria is a topic covered in the Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics.

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  • NTM are ubiquitous environmental organisms that cause a spectrum of disease primarily involving the lungs (80%), skin and soft tissues, lymph nodes, and disseminated disease. Susceptibility testing and an infectious disease consultation are recommended to guide treatment. Different species are commonly associated with specific clinical presentations:
  • Mycobacterium leprae is classified separately from the other NTM because of its potential for human-to-human transmission. Although, rarely seen in the United States, it is associated with exposure to armadillos. Clinically, typical findings include hypopigmented anesthetic skin lesions.

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