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Prevalence of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency in men and women in the general population: Edinburgh Vein Study.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) in the general population.

DESIGN

Cross sectional survey.

SETTING

City of Edinburgh.

PARTICIPANTS

Men and women aged 18-64 years selected randomly from age-sex registers of 12 general practices.

MAIN RESULTS

In 1566 subjects examined, the age adjusted prevalence of trunk varices was 40% in men and 32% in women (p < or = 0.01). This sex difference was mostly a result of higher prevalence of mild trunk varices in men. More than 80% of all subjects had mild hyphenweb and reticular varices. The age adjusted prevalence of CVI was 9% in men and 7% in women (p < or = 0.05). The prevalence of all categories of varices and of CVI increased with age (p < or = 0.001). No relation was found with social class.

CONCLUSIONS

Approximately one third of men and women aged 18-64 years had trunk varices. In contrast with the findings in most previous studies, mainly conducted in the 1960s and 1970s, chronic venous insufficiency and mild varicose veins were more common in men than women. No evidence of bias in the study was found to account for this sex difference. Changes in lifestyle or other factors might be contributing to an alteration in the epidemiology of venous disease.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Wolfson Unit for Prevention of Peripheral Vascular Diseases, University of Edinburgh.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Bias
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Humans
    Life Style
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    Social Class
    United Kingdom
    Varicose Veins
    Venous Insufficiency

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10396491

    Citation

    Evans, C J., et al. "Prevalence of Varicose Veins and Chronic Venous Insufficiency in Men and Women in the General Population: Edinburgh Vein Study." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 53, no. 3, 1999, pp. 149-53.
    Evans CJ, Fowkes FG, Ruckley CV, et al. Prevalence of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency in men and women in the general population: Edinburgh Vein Study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1999;53(3):149-53.
    Evans, C. J., Fowkes, F. G., Ruckley, C. V., & Lee, A. J. (1999). Prevalence of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency in men and women in the general population: Edinburgh Vein Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 53(3), pp. 149-53.
    Evans CJ, et al. Prevalence of Varicose Veins and Chronic Venous Insufficiency in Men and Women in the General Population: Edinburgh Vein Study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1999;53(3):149-53. PubMed PMID: 10396491.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency in men and women in the general population: Edinburgh Vein Study. AU - Evans,C J, AU - Fowkes,F G, AU - Ruckley,C V, AU - Lee,A J, PY - 1999/7/9/pubmed PY - 1999/7/9/medline PY - 1999/7/9/entrez SP - 149 EP - 53 JF - Journal of epidemiology and community health JO - J Epidemiol Community Health VL - 53 IS - 3 N2 - STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of varicose veins and chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) in the general population. DESIGN: Cross sectional survey. SETTING: City of Edinburgh. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 18-64 years selected randomly from age-sex registers of 12 general practices. MAIN RESULTS: In 1566 subjects examined, the age adjusted prevalence of trunk varices was 40% in men and 32% in women (p < or = 0.01). This sex difference was mostly a result of higher prevalence of mild trunk varices in men. More than 80% of all subjects had mild hyphenweb and reticular varices. The age adjusted prevalence of CVI was 9% in men and 7% in women (p < or = 0.05). The prevalence of all categories of varices and of CVI increased with age (p < or = 0.001). No relation was found with social class. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one third of men and women aged 18-64 years had trunk varices. In contrast with the findings in most previous studies, mainly conducted in the 1960s and 1970s, chronic venous insufficiency and mild varicose veins were more common in men than women. No evidence of bias in the study was found to account for this sex difference. Changes in lifestyle or other factors might be contributing to an alteration in the epidemiology of venous disease. SN - 0143-005X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10396491/full_citation L2 - http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=10396491 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -