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The influence of a vegetarian diet on haemostatic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Africans.

Abstract

Dietary habits have been implicated in the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Elevated plasma fibrinogen levels and decreased fibrinolytic activity have been identified as major independent cardiovascular risk factors. In this study, we compared the blood pressure, plasma fibrinogen concentration, and fibrinolytic activity of 40 nonvegetarians (NON-VEGs) with 36 vegetarians (8 VEGs and 28 SEMI-VEGs). The latter group consisted of students and lecturers of the Adventist Seminary Institute of West Africa, Ilishan Remo. All subjects had blood pressures below 140/90 mmHg, no underlying haemostatic disorders and were not on any medical treatment. The NON-VEGs had significantly decreased fibrinolytic activity (p<0.001) and increased plasma fibrinogen levels (p<0.001) compared with the SEMI-VEGs and VEGs. There were no significant differences between the blood pressure levels of the three groups, although the NON-VEGs had lower diastolic blood pressures. It is concluded that black African Seventh-Day Adventists who follow a vegetarian diet may be protected against premature cardiovascular disease because of beneficial dietary effects on plasma fibrinogen levels and fibrinolytic activity.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Haematology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

    , , , , ,

    Source

    Thrombosis research 95:1 1999 Jul 01 pg 31-6

    MeSH

    African Continental Ancestry Group
    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Diet, Vegetarian
    Hemostasis
    Humans
    Middle Aged
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10403684

    Citation

    Famodu, A A., et al. "The Influence of a Vegetarian Diet On Haemostatic Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Africans." Thrombosis Research, vol. 95, no. 1, 1999, pp. 31-6.
    Famodu AA, Osilesi O, Makinde YO, et al. The influence of a vegetarian diet on haemostatic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Africans. Thromb Res. 1999;95(1):31-6.
    Famodu, A. A., Osilesi, O., Makinde, Y. O., Osonuga, O. A., Fakoya, T. A., Ogunyemi, E. O., & Egbenehkhuere, I. E. (1999). The influence of a vegetarian diet on haemostatic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Africans. Thrombosis Research, 95(1), pp. 31-6.
    Famodu AA, et al. The Influence of a Vegetarian Diet On Haemostatic Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Africans. Thromb Res. 1999 Jul 1;95(1):31-6. PubMed PMID: 10403684.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of a vegetarian diet on haemostatic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Africans. AU - Famodu,A A, AU - Osilesi,O, AU - Makinde,Y O, AU - Osonuga,O A, AU - Fakoya,T A, AU - Ogunyemi,E O, AU - Egbenehkhuere,I E, PY - 1999/7/14/pubmed PY - 1999/7/14/medline PY - 1999/7/14/entrez SP - 31 EP - 6 JF - Thrombosis research JO - Thromb. Res. VL - 95 IS - 1 N2 - Dietary habits have been implicated in the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. Elevated plasma fibrinogen levels and decreased fibrinolytic activity have been identified as major independent cardiovascular risk factors. In this study, we compared the blood pressure, plasma fibrinogen concentration, and fibrinolytic activity of 40 nonvegetarians (NON-VEGs) with 36 vegetarians (8 VEGs and 28 SEMI-VEGs). The latter group consisted of students and lecturers of the Adventist Seminary Institute of West Africa, Ilishan Remo. All subjects had blood pressures below 140/90 mmHg, no underlying haemostatic disorders and were not on any medical treatment. The NON-VEGs had significantly decreased fibrinolytic activity (p<0.001) and increased plasma fibrinogen levels (p<0.001) compared with the SEMI-VEGs and VEGs. There were no significant differences between the blood pressure levels of the three groups, although the NON-VEGs had lower diastolic blood pressures. It is concluded that black African Seventh-Day Adventists who follow a vegetarian diet may be protected against premature cardiovascular disease because of beneficial dietary effects on plasma fibrinogen levels and fibrinolytic activity. SN - 0049-3848 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10403684/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0049-3848(99)00014-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -