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Dietary fat and fish intake and age-related maculopathy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess whether dietary intake of fat or fish is associated with age-related maculopathy (ARM) prevalence.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional, urban population-based study.

PARTICIPANTS

People (N = 3654) aged 49 years or older.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Subjects with ARM were identified from masked grading of retinal photographs. A 145-itemself-administered, semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire was completed adequately by 88.8% of participants and was used to assess intakes of dietary fat and fish.

RESULTS

A higher frequency of fish consumption was associated with decreased odds of late ARM (odds ratio for frequency of consumption more than once per week compared with less than once per month, 0.5). Subjects with higher energy-adjusted intakes of cholesterol were significantly more likely to have late ARM, with an increased risk for late ARM for the highest compared with the lowest quintile of intake (odds ratio, 2.7).

CONCLUSION

The amount and type of dietary fat intake may be associated with ARM.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory. wayne.smith@anu.edu.au

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Dietary Fats
    Eating
    Energy Intake
    Fatty Acids, Omega-3
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Humans
    Macular Degeneration
    Male
    Middle Aged
    New South Wales
    Nutrition Surveys
    Seafood

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10721964

    Citation

    Smith, W, et al. "Dietary Fat and Fish Intake and Age-related Maculopathy." Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), vol. 118, no. 3, 2000, pp. 401-4.
    Smith W, Mitchell P, Leeder SR. Dietary fat and fish intake and age-related maculopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000;118(3):401-4.
    Smith, W., Mitchell, P., & Leeder, S. R. (2000). Dietary fat and fish intake and age-related maculopathy. Archives of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), 118(3), pp. 401-4.
    Smith W, Mitchell P, Leeder SR. Dietary Fat and Fish Intake and Age-related Maculopathy. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000;118(3):401-4. PubMed PMID: 10721964.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary fat and fish intake and age-related maculopathy. AU - Smith,W, AU - Mitchell,P, AU - Leeder,S R, PY - 2000/3/18/pubmed PY - 2000/3/25/medline PY - 2000/3/18/entrez SP - 401 EP - 4 JF - Archives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) JO - Arch. Ophthalmol. VL - 118 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess whether dietary intake of fat or fish is associated with age-related maculopathy (ARM) prevalence. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, urban population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: People (N = 3654) aged 49 years or older. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects with ARM were identified from masked grading of retinal photographs. A 145-itemself-administered, semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire was completed adequately by 88.8% of participants and was used to assess intakes of dietary fat and fish. RESULTS: A higher frequency of fish consumption was associated with decreased odds of late ARM (odds ratio for frequency of consumption more than once per week compared with less than once per month, 0.5). Subjects with higher energy-adjusted intakes of cholesterol were significantly more likely to have late ARM, with an increased risk for late ARM for the highest compared with the lowest quintile of intake (odds ratio, 2.7). CONCLUSION: The amount and type of dietary fat intake may be associated with ARM. SN - 0003-9950 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10721964/full_citation L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaophthalmology/fullarticle/vol/118/pg/401 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -