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Does physical activity reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers?

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a major cause of chronic gastritis, not all infected patients develop ulcers, suggesting that other factors such as lifestyle may be critical to the development of ulcer disease.

AIM

To investigate the role physical activity may play in the incidence of peptic ulcer disease.

METHODS

The subjects were men (8529) and women (2884) who attended the Cooper Clinic in Dallas between 1970 and 1990. The presence of gastric or duodenal ulcer disease diagnosed by a doctor was determined from a mail survey in 1990. Subjects were classified into three physical activity groups according to information provided at the baseline clinic visit (before 1990): active, those who walked or ran 10 miles or more a week; moderately active, those who walked or ran less than 10 miles a week or did another regular activity; the referent group consisting of those who reported no regular physical activity.

RESULTS

With the use of gender specific proportional hazards regression models that could be adjusted for age, smoking, alcohol use, body mass index, and self reported tension, active men were found to have a significant reduction in risk for duodenal ulcers (relative hazard (95% confidence interval) for the active group was 0.38 (0.15 to 0.94) and 0.54 (0.30 to 0.96) for the moderately active group). No association was found between physical activity and gastric ulcers for men or for either type of ulcer for women.

CONCLUSIONS

Physical activity may provide a non-pharmacological method of reducing the incidence of duodenal ulcers among men.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.

    , ,

    Source

    British journal of sports medicine 34:2 2000 Apr pg 116-21

    MeSH

    Adult
    Alcohol Drinking
    Duodenal Ulcer
    Exercise
    Female
    Humans
    Incidence
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Proportional Hazards Models
    Smoking
    Stomach Ulcer
    Stress, Psychological

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    10786867

    Citation

    Cheng, Y, et al. "Does Physical Activity Reduce the Risk of Developing Peptic Ulcers?" British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 34, no. 2, 2000, pp. 116-21.
    Cheng Y, Macera CA, Davis DR, et al. Does physical activity reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers? Br J Sports Med. 2000;34(2):116-21.
    Cheng, Y., Macera, C. A., Davis, D. R., & Blair, S. N. (2000). Does physical activity reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 34(2), pp. 116-21.
    Cheng Y, et al. Does Physical Activity Reduce the Risk of Developing Peptic Ulcers. Br J Sports Med. 2000;34(2):116-21. PubMed PMID: 10786867.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Does physical activity reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers? AU - Cheng,Y, AU - Macera,C A, AU - Davis,D R, AU - Blair,S N, PY - 2000/4/29/pubmed PY - 2000/6/17/medline PY - 2000/4/29/entrez SP - 116 EP - 21 JF - British journal of sports medicine JO - Br J Sports Med VL - 34 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a major cause of chronic gastritis, not all infected patients develop ulcers, suggesting that other factors such as lifestyle may be critical to the development of ulcer disease. AIM: To investigate the role physical activity may play in the incidence of peptic ulcer disease. METHODS: The subjects were men (8529) and women (2884) who attended the Cooper Clinic in Dallas between 1970 and 1990. The presence of gastric or duodenal ulcer disease diagnosed by a doctor was determined from a mail survey in 1990. Subjects were classified into three physical activity groups according to information provided at the baseline clinic visit (before 1990): active, those who walked or ran 10 miles or more a week; moderately active, those who walked or ran less than 10 miles a week or did another regular activity; the referent group consisting of those who reported no regular physical activity. RESULTS: With the use of gender specific proportional hazards regression models that could be adjusted for age, smoking, alcohol use, body mass index, and self reported tension, active men were found to have a significant reduction in risk for duodenal ulcers (relative hazard (95% confidence interval) for the active group was 0.38 (0.15 to 0.94) and 0.54 (0.30 to 0.96) for the moderately active group). No association was found between physical activity and gastric ulcers for men or for either type of ulcer for women. CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity may provide a non-pharmacological method of reducing the incidence of duodenal ulcers among men. SN - 0306-3674 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/10786867/full_citation DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -