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Cancer and Mediterranean dietary traditions.

Abstract

The incidence of cancer overall in Mediterranean countries is lower than in Scandinavian countries, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This is mostly accounted for by the lower incidence among Mediterranean countries of cancer of the large bowel, breast, endometrium, and prostate. These forms of cancer have been linked to dietary factors, particularly low consumption of vegetables and fruit, and to a certain extent, high consumption of meat. The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by high consumption of foods of plant origin, relatively low consumption of red meat, and high consumption of olive oil, which in several studies has been reported to be more beneficial against cancer than other forms of added lipids. By taking into account the established or presumed nutritional causation of major forms of cancer and the composition of the traditional Mediterranean diet, estimates can be derived concerning the fraction of cancer occurrence in highly developed Western countries that could be attributed to their diets in comparison with the healthy traditional Mediterranean diet. Although estimates can only be crude, it can be calculated that up to 25% of the incidence of colorectal cancer, approximately 15% of the incidence of breast cancer, and approximately 10% of the incidence of prostate, pancreas, and endometrial cancer could be prevented if the populations of highly developed Western countries could shift to the traditional healthy Mediterranean diet.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, Greece.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Breast Neoplasms
    Colorectal Neoplasms
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Endometrial Neoplasms
    Fabaceae
    Female
    Food Preferences
    Fruit
    Humans
    Incidence
    Male
    Meat
    Mediterranean Region
    Neoplasms
    Olive Oil
    Plant Oils
    Plants, Medicinal
    Prostatic Neoplasms
    Risk Factors
    Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
    United Kingdom
    United States
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11008902

    Citation

    Trichopoulou, A, et al. "Cancer and Mediterranean Dietary Traditions." Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, vol. 9, no. 9, 2000, pp. 869-73.
    Trichopoulou A, Lagiou P, Kuper H, et al. Cancer and Mediterranean dietary traditions. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2000;9(9):869-73.
    Trichopoulou, A., Lagiou, P., Kuper, H., & Trichopoulos, D. (2000). Cancer and Mediterranean dietary traditions. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 9(9), pp. 869-73.
    Trichopoulou A, et al. Cancer and Mediterranean Dietary Traditions. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2000;9(9):869-73. PubMed PMID: 11008902.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Cancer and Mediterranean dietary traditions. AU - Trichopoulou,A, AU - Lagiou,P, AU - Kuper,H, AU - Trichopoulos,D, PY - 2000/9/29/pubmed PY - 2001/2/28/medline PY - 2000/9/29/entrez SP - 869 EP - 73 JF - Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology JO - Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. VL - 9 IS - 9 N2 - The incidence of cancer overall in Mediterranean countries is lower than in Scandinavian countries, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This is mostly accounted for by the lower incidence among Mediterranean countries of cancer of the large bowel, breast, endometrium, and prostate. These forms of cancer have been linked to dietary factors, particularly low consumption of vegetables and fruit, and to a certain extent, high consumption of meat. The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by high consumption of foods of plant origin, relatively low consumption of red meat, and high consumption of olive oil, which in several studies has been reported to be more beneficial against cancer than other forms of added lipids. By taking into account the established or presumed nutritional causation of major forms of cancer and the composition of the traditional Mediterranean diet, estimates can be derived concerning the fraction of cancer occurrence in highly developed Western countries that could be attributed to their diets in comparison with the healthy traditional Mediterranean diet. Although estimates can only be crude, it can be calculated that up to 25% of the incidence of colorectal cancer, approximately 15% of the incidence of breast cancer, and approximately 10% of the incidence of prostate, pancreas, and endometrial cancer could be prevented if the populations of highly developed Western countries could shift to the traditional healthy Mediterranean diet. SN - 1055-9965 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11008902/full_citation L2 - http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=11008902 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -