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Diet in the epidemiology of endometrial cancer in western New York (United States).

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We examined diet and risk of endometrial cancer among women in the Western New York Diet Study (1986-1991).

METHODS

Self-reported frequency of use of 172 foods and beverages during the 2 years before the interview and other relevant data were collected by detailed interviews from 232 endometrial cancer cases and 639 controls, frequency-matched for age and county of residence. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression, adjusting for age, education, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, hypertension, diabetes, age at menarche, parity, oral contraceptive use, menopausal status, menopausal estrogen use, and energy.

RESULTS

Risks were reduced for women in the highest quartiles of intake of protein (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.9), dietary fiber (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-1.0), phytosterols (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.3-1.0), vitamin C (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.8) folate (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.7), alpha-carotene (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-1.0), beta-carotene (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.6), lycopene (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-1.0), lutein + zeaxanthin (OR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.2-0.5) and vegetables (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.9), but unrelated to energy (OR 0.9, 95% CI: 0.6-1.5) or fat (OR 1.6, 95% CI: 0.7-3.4).

CONCLUSIONS

Our results support previous findings of reduced endometrial cancer risks associated with a diet high in plant foods.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, 14214, USA.

    , , , ,

    Source

    Cancer causes & control : CCC 11:10 2000 Dec pg 965-74

    MeSH

    Aged
    Case-Control Studies
    Diet
    Endometrial Neoplasms
    Female
    Fruit
    Humans
    Incidence
    Middle Aged
    New York
    Odds Ratio
    Risk Factors
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11142531

    Citation

    McCann, S E., et al. "Diet in the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer in Western New York (United States)." Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, vol. 11, no. 10, 2000, pp. 965-74.
    McCann SE, Freudenheim JL, Marshall JR, et al. Diet in the epidemiology of endometrial cancer in western New York (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2000;11(10):965-74.
    McCann, S. E., Freudenheim, J. L., Marshall, J. R., Brasure, J. R., Swanson, M. K., & Graham, S. (2000). Diet in the epidemiology of endometrial cancer in western New York (United States). Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, 11(10), pp. 965-74.
    McCann SE, et al. Diet in the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer in Western New York (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2000;11(10):965-74. PubMed PMID: 11142531.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Diet in the epidemiology of endometrial cancer in western New York (United States). AU - McCann,S E, AU - Freudenheim,J L, AU - Marshall,J R, AU - Brasure,J R, AU - Swanson,M K, AU - Graham,S, PY - 2001/1/6/pubmed PY - 2001/3/10/medline PY - 2001/1/6/entrez SP - 965 EP - 74 JF - Cancer causes & control : CCC JO - Cancer Causes Control VL - 11 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We examined diet and risk of endometrial cancer among women in the Western New York Diet Study (1986-1991). METHODS: Self-reported frequency of use of 172 foods and beverages during the 2 years before the interview and other relevant data were collected by detailed interviews from 232 endometrial cancer cases and 639 controls, frequency-matched for age and county of residence. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression, adjusting for age, education, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, hypertension, diabetes, age at menarche, parity, oral contraceptive use, menopausal status, menopausal estrogen use, and energy. RESULTS: Risks were reduced for women in the highest quartiles of intake of protein (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.9), dietary fiber (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-1.0), phytosterols (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.3-1.0), vitamin C (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.8) folate (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.7), alpha-carotene (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-1.0), beta-carotene (OR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.2-0.6), lycopene (OR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-1.0), lutein + zeaxanthin (OR 0.3, 95% CI: 0.2-0.5) and vegetables (OR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.3-0.9), but unrelated to energy (OR 0.9, 95% CI: 0.6-1.5) or fat (OR 1.6, 95% CI: 0.7-3.4). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support previous findings of reduced endometrial cancer risks associated with a diet high in plant foods. SN - 0957-5243 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11142531/full_citation L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=11142531.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -