Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Sleep, sleepiness, and alcohol use.

Abstract

The study of alcohol's effects on sleep dates back to the late 1930s. Since then, an extensive literature has described alcohol's effects on the sleep of healthy, nonalcoholic people. For example, studies found that in nonalcoholics who occasionally use alcohol, both high and low doses of alcohol initially improve sleep, although high alcohol doses can result in sleep disturbances during the second half of the nocturnal sleep period. Furthermore, people can rapidly develop tolerance to the sedative effects of alcohol. Researchers have investigated the interactive effects of alcohol with other determinants of daytime sleepiness. Such studies indicate that alcohol interacts with sleep deprivation and sleep restriction to exacerbate daytime sleepiness and alcohol-induced performance impairments. Alcohol's effects on other physiological functions during sleep have yet to be documented thoroughly and unequivocally.

Links

  • FREE Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Sleep Disorders and Research Center, Henry Ford Hospital, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

    Source

    MeSH

    Alcohol Drinking
    Alcoholism
    Animals
    Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
    Ethanol
    Humans
    Melatonin
    Prolactin
    Sleep Deprivation
    Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm
    Sleep Stages

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11584549

    Citation

    Roehrs, T, and T Roth. "Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use." Alcohol Research & Health : the Journal of the National Institute On Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, vol. 25, no. 2, 2001, pp. 101-9.
    Roehrs T, Roth T. Sleep, sleepiness, and alcohol use. Alcohol Res Health. 2001;25(2):101-9.
    Roehrs, T., & Roth, T. (2001). Sleep, sleepiness, and alcohol use. Alcohol Research & Health : the Journal of the National Institute On Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 25(2), pp. 101-9.
    Roehrs T, Roth T. Sleep, Sleepiness, and Alcohol Use. Alcohol Res Health. 2001;25(2):101-9. PubMed PMID: 11584549.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Sleep, sleepiness, and alcohol use. AU - Roehrs,T, AU - Roth,T, PY - 2001/10/5/pubmed PY - 2002/1/10/medline PY - 2001/10/5/entrez SP - 101 EP - 9 JF - Alcohol research & health : the journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism JO - Alcohol Res Health VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - The study of alcohol's effects on sleep dates back to the late 1930s. Since then, an extensive literature has described alcohol's effects on the sleep of healthy, nonalcoholic people. For example, studies found that in nonalcoholics who occasionally use alcohol, both high and low doses of alcohol initially improve sleep, although high alcohol doses can result in sleep disturbances during the second half of the nocturnal sleep period. Furthermore, people can rapidly develop tolerance to the sedative effects of alcohol. Researchers have investigated the interactive effects of alcohol with other determinants of daytime sleepiness. Such studies indicate that alcohol interacts with sleep deprivation and sleep restriction to exacerbate daytime sleepiness and alcohol-induced performance impairments. Alcohol's effects on other physiological functions during sleep have yet to be documented thoroughly and unequivocally. SN - 1535-7414 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11584549/full_citation L2 - http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-2/101-109.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -