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Influence of alcohol consumption on immunological status: a review.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Aug; 56 Suppl 3:S50-3.EJ

Abstract

The aim of this review is to present and discuss the effect of different levels of alcohol consumption on the immune system. Not only the amount consumed but also the type of alcoholic beverage have to be taken into account in order to determine the consequences on activity, number, distribution, balance, interaction and response of immunocompetent cells. The association between alcohol exposure and the risk of developing an alcohol-related disease is multifactorial. In fact, age, gender, smoking habits, dietary intake and exercise are involved among other factors. The evaluation of the host cellular and humoral immune responses has shown that alcohol may induce some benefits when consumption is moderate. Moreover, those alcoholic beverages that contain antioxidants, such as red wine, could be protectors against immune cell damage. According to the literature consulted, the daily consumption of 10-12 g and 20-24 g of alcohol for women and men, respectively, is considered to be a moderate intake; the type of beverage has been established not to be important when defining moderation. Particular attention is often focused on the U- or J-shaped curve which also suggests that light to moderate drinking produces a protective effect. Such an inverse relationship indicates a reduction of risk for both light and moderate consumers and a higher risk not only for hard drinkers, but also for non-consumers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto de Nutrición y Bromatología, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Madrid, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12142963

Citation

Díaz, L E., et al. "Influence of Alcohol Consumption On Immunological Status: a Review." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56 Suppl 3, 2002, pp. S50-3.
Díaz LE, Montero A, González-Gross M, et al. Influence of alcohol consumption on immunological status: a review. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56 Suppl 3:S50-3.
Díaz, L. E., Montero, A., González-Gross, M., Vallejo, A. I., Romeo, J., & Marcos, A. (2002). Influence of alcohol consumption on immunological status: a review. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56 Suppl 3, S50-3.
Díaz LE, et al. Influence of Alcohol Consumption On Immunological Status: a Review. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56 Suppl 3:S50-3. PubMed PMID: 12142963.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of alcohol consumption on immunological status: a review. AU - Díaz,L E, AU - Montero,A, AU - González-Gross,M, AU - Vallejo,A I, AU - Romeo,J, AU - Marcos,A, PY - 2002/7/27/pubmed PY - 2002/11/30/medline PY - 2002/7/27/entrez SP - S50 EP - 3 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 56 Suppl 3 N2 - The aim of this review is to present and discuss the effect of different levels of alcohol consumption on the immune system. Not only the amount consumed but also the type of alcoholic beverage have to be taken into account in order to determine the consequences on activity, number, distribution, balance, interaction and response of immunocompetent cells. The association between alcohol exposure and the risk of developing an alcohol-related disease is multifactorial. In fact, age, gender, smoking habits, dietary intake and exercise are involved among other factors. The evaluation of the host cellular and humoral immune responses has shown that alcohol may induce some benefits when consumption is moderate. Moreover, those alcoholic beverages that contain antioxidants, such as red wine, could be protectors against immune cell damage. According to the literature consulted, the daily consumption of 10-12 g and 20-24 g of alcohol for women and men, respectively, is considered to be a moderate intake; the type of beverage has been established not to be important when defining moderation. Particular attention is often focused on the U- or J-shaped curve which also suggests that light to moderate drinking produces a protective effect. Such an inverse relationship indicates a reduction of risk for both light and moderate consumers and a higher risk not only for hard drinkers, but also for non-consumers. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12142963/full_citation L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601486 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -