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Are vitamin and mineral deficiencies a major cancer risk?

Abstract

Diet is estimated to contribute to about one-third of preventable cancers -- about the same amount as smoking. Inadequate intake of essential vitamins and minerals might explain the epidemiological findings that people who eat only small amounts of fruits and vegetables have an increased risk of developing cancer. Recent experimental evidence indicates that vitamin and mineral deficiencies can lead to DNA damage. Optimizing vitamin and mineral intake by encouraging dietary change, multivitamin and mineral supplements, and fortifying foods might therefore prevent cancer and other chronic diseases.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Nutrition Genomics Center, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr Way, Oakland, California 94609-1673, USA. bames@chori.org

    Source

    Nature reviews. Cancer 2:9 2002 Sep pg 694-704

    MeSH

    Animals
    Avitaminosis
    DNA Damage
    Folic Acid
    Humans
    Neoplasms
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Risk Factors
    Trace Elements
    Vitamin B 12
    Vitamin B 6

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12209158

    Citation

    Ames, Bruce N., and Patricia Wakimoto. "Are Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies a Major Cancer Risk?" Nature Reviews. Cancer, vol. 2, no. 9, 2002, pp. 694-704.
    Ames BN, Wakimoto P. Are vitamin and mineral deficiencies a major cancer risk? Nat Rev Cancer. 2002;2(9):694-704.
    Ames, B. N., & Wakimoto, P. (2002). Are vitamin and mineral deficiencies a major cancer risk? Nature Reviews. Cancer, 2(9), pp. 694-704.
    Ames BN, Wakimoto P. Are Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies a Major Cancer Risk. Nat Rev Cancer. 2002;2(9):694-704. PubMed PMID: 12209158.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Are vitamin and mineral deficiencies a major cancer risk? AU - Ames,Bruce N, AU - Wakimoto,Patricia, PY - 2002/9/5/pubmed PY - 2002/10/9/medline PY - 2002/9/5/entrez SP - 694 EP - 704 JF - Nature reviews. Cancer JO - Nat. Rev. Cancer VL - 2 IS - 9 N2 - Diet is estimated to contribute to about one-third of preventable cancers -- about the same amount as smoking. Inadequate intake of essential vitamins and minerals might explain the epidemiological findings that people who eat only small amounts of fruits and vegetables have an increased risk of developing cancer. Recent experimental evidence indicates that vitamin and mineral deficiencies can lead to DNA damage. Optimizing vitamin and mineral intake by encouraging dietary change, multivitamin and mineral supplements, and fortifying foods might therefore prevent cancer and other chronic diseases. SN - 1474-175X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12209158/full_citation L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrc886 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -