Dietary weight loss decreases serum angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in obese adults.Obes Res 2002; 10(10):985-90OR
To study the effect of dietary weight loss, postural change, and an oral glucose load on serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in obese adults.
RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES
Sixteen obese adult men and women with a mean body mass index of 35.7 +/- 4.3 kg/m(2) were studied after 1 week on a maintenance energy lead-in diet and after 5 weeks on an identical but 40% reduced-energy diet provided by the General Clinical Research Center (GCRC). ACE activity was measured spectrophotometrically. Plasma renin activity and serum aldosterone were measured by radioimmunoassay.
All subjects lost weight, with a mean decrease in body weight of 7.0 +/- 2.1 kg or 6 +/- 3% of initial body weight (p < 0.00001). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, supine plasma renin activity, and serum aldosterone levels decreased with weight loss (p < 0.05). Supine ACE activity decreased 23 +/- 12% with weight loss (p < 0.00001). Standing ACE activity, which was significantly higher than supine ACE activity before and after weight loss (p < 0.05), also decreased 18 +/- 17% with weight loss (p = 0.0007). A 75-g oral glucose load had no effect on serum ACE activity over a 3-hour period.
In obese adults, serum ACE activity declines with modest weight loss, increases with postural change, and is unaffected by an oral glucose load.