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Nutritional deficiencies in German middle-class male alcohol consumers: relation to dietary intake and severity of liver disease.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of the present study was to compare the nutrient intake and the nutritional status between German middle-class alcohol consumers and non-drinkers.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study using patients with different stages of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and healthy volunteers.

SETTING

Southern Germany.

SUBJECTS

Seventy-six hospitalized German middle-class alcohol consumers with different stages of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and 22 healthy control subjects.

METHODS

Subjects and controls were nutritionally assessed and mineral and vitamin content was measured in blood and urine.

RESULTS

When compared with controls, alcohol consumers had significantly higher intakes of total calories, but intake of non-alcoholic calories did not differ between groups (P<0.05). Among drinkers, there was a decrease in percentage of energy derived from protein and fat and a significant increase in carbohydrates (P<0.05). With the exception of vitamin E, micronutrient intake of alcoholics was equal to that of controls; however, blood vitamin (vitamin C, retinol, lycopene, alpha- and gamma-carotene) and trace element (selenium, zinc) concentrations of alcohol-drinking patients were lower than those of non-drinkers.

CONCLUSION

From the results of this study it is concluded that in German middle-class male alcohol consumers the status of several micronutrients is disturbed, although dietary intake hardly differs from that in non-alcoholic controls.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Robert-Bosch-Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Stuttgart, Germany.

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Alcohol Drinking
    Case-Control Studies
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Energy Intake
    Germany
    Humans
    Liver Diseases, Alcoholic
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Minerals
    Nutrition Disorders
    Nutritional Status
    Selenium
    Severity of Illness Index
    Vitamins
    Zinc

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12627180

    Citation

    Bergheim, I, et al. "Nutritional Deficiencies in German Middle-class Male Alcohol Consumers: Relation to Dietary Intake and Severity of Liver Disease." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 3, 2003, pp. 431-8.
    Bergheim I, Parlesak A, Dierks C, et al. Nutritional deficiencies in German middle-class male alcohol consumers: relation to dietary intake and severity of liver disease. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(3):431-8.
    Bergheim, I., Parlesak, A., Dierks, C., Bode, J. C., & Bode, C. (2003). Nutritional deficiencies in German middle-class male alcohol consumers: relation to dietary intake and severity of liver disease. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(3), pp. 431-8.
    Bergheim I, et al. Nutritional Deficiencies in German Middle-class Male Alcohol Consumers: Relation to Dietary Intake and Severity of Liver Disease. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(3):431-8. PubMed PMID: 12627180.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional deficiencies in German middle-class male alcohol consumers: relation to dietary intake and severity of liver disease. AU - Bergheim,I, AU - Parlesak,A, AU - Dierks,C, AU - Bode,J C, AU - Bode,C, PY - 2001/11/23/received PY - 2002/06/13/revised PY - 2002/06/18/accepted PY - 2003/3/11/pubmed PY - 2003/7/11/medline PY - 2003/3/11/entrez SP - 431 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 57 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the nutrient intake and the nutritional status between German middle-class alcohol consumers and non-drinkers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using patients with different stages of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and healthy volunteers. SETTING: Southern Germany. SUBJECTS: Seventy-six hospitalized German middle-class alcohol consumers with different stages of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and 22 healthy control subjects. METHODS: Subjects and controls were nutritionally assessed and mineral and vitamin content was measured in blood and urine. RESULTS: When compared with controls, alcohol consumers had significantly higher intakes of total calories, but intake of non-alcoholic calories did not differ between groups (P<0.05). Among drinkers, there was a decrease in percentage of energy derived from protein and fat and a significant increase in carbohydrates (P<0.05). With the exception of vitamin E, micronutrient intake of alcoholics was equal to that of controls; however, blood vitamin (vitamin C, retinol, lycopene, alpha- and gamma-carotene) and trace element (selenium, zinc) concentrations of alcohol-drinking patients were lower than those of non-drinkers. CONCLUSION: From the results of this study it is concluded that in German middle-class male alcohol consumers the status of several micronutrients is disturbed, although dietary intake hardly differs from that in non-alcoholic controls. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12627180/full_citation L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601557 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -