Antitumor effect of vitamin B6 and its mechanisms.Biochim Biophys Acta 2003; 1647(1-2):127-30BB
Epidemiological studies have reported an inverse association between vitamin B(6) intake and colon cancer risk. Our recent study has been conducted to examine the effect of dietary vitamin B(6) on colon tumorigenesis in mice. Mice were fed diets containing 1, 7, 14 or 36 mg/kg pyridoxine for 22 weeks, and given a weekly injection of azoxymethane (AOM) for the initial 10 weeks. Compared with the 1 mg/kg pyridoxine diet, 7, 14 and 35 mg/kg pyridoxine diets significantly suppressed the incidence and number of colon tumors, colon cell proliferation and expressions of c-myc and c-fos proteins. Supplemental vitamin B(6) lowered the levels of colonic 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE, oxidative stress markers) and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase protein. In an ex vivo serum-free matrix culture model using rat aortic ring, supplemental pyridoxine and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) had antiangiogenic effect. The results suggest that dietary vitamin B(6) suppresses colon tumorigenesis by reducing cell proliferation, oxidative stress, NO production and angiogenesis.