Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Diet and inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study.
Epidemiology 1992; 3(1):47-52E

Abstract

We conducted a population-based case-control study of inflammatory bowel disease and dietary habits in Stockholm during 1984-1987. We obtained retrospective information about food intake 5 years previously by a postal questionnaire for 152 cases with Crohn's disease, 145 cases with ulcerative colitis, and 305 controls. The relative risk of Crohn's disease was increased for subjects who had a high (55 gm or more per day) intake of sucrose (relative risk = 2.6, 95% confidence interval = 1.4-5.0) and was decreased for subjects who had a high (15 gm or more per day) intake of fiber (relative risk = 0.5, 95% confidence interval = 0.3-0.9). The most striking finding was an increased relative risk of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis associated with consumption of fast foods: the relative risk associated with consumption of fast foods at least two times a week was estimated at 3.4 (95% confidence interval = 1.3-9.3) for Crohn's disease and 3.9 (95% confidence interval = 1.4-10.6) for ulcerative colitis. Although coffee seemed to provide a protective effect for both diseases, there are reasons to consider this finding an artifact.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1313310

Citation

Persson, P G., et al. "Diet and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a Case-control Study." Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), vol. 3, no. 1, 1992, pp. 47-52.
Persson PG, Ahlbom A, Hellers G. Diet and inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study. Epidemiology. 1992;3(1):47-52.
Persson, P. G., Ahlbom, A., & Hellers, G. (1992). Diet and inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 3(1), pp. 47-52.
Persson PG, Ahlbom A, Hellers G. Diet and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a Case-control Study. Epidemiology. 1992;3(1):47-52. PubMed PMID: 1313310.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet and inflammatory bowel disease: a case-control study. AU - Persson,P G, AU - Ahlbom,A, AU - Hellers,G, PY - 1992/1/1/pubmed PY - 1992/1/1/medline PY - 1992/1/1/entrez SP - 47 EP - 52 JF - Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) JO - Epidemiology VL - 3 IS - 1 N2 - We conducted a population-based case-control study of inflammatory bowel disease and dietary habits in Stockholm during 1984-1987. We obtained retrospective information about food intake 5 years previously by a postal questionnaire for 152 cases with Crohn's disease, 145 cases with ulcerative colitis, and 305 controls. The relative risk of Crohn's disease was increased for subjects who had a high (55 gm or more per day) intake of sucrose (relative risk = 2.6, 95% confidence interval = 1.4-5.0) and was decreased for subjects who had a high (15 gm or more per day) intake of fiber (relative risk = 0.5, 95% confidence interval = 0.3-0.9). The most striking finding was an increased relative risk of both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis associated with consumption of fast foods: the relative risk associated with consumption of fast foods at least two times a week was estimated at 3.4 (95% confidence interval = 1.3-9.3) for Crohn's disease and 3.9 (95% confidence interval = 1.4-10.6) for ulcerative colitis. Although coffee seemed to provide a protective effect for both diseases, there are reasons to consider this finding an artifact. SN - 1044-3983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1313310/full_citation L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=1313310.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -