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Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the dietary profile associated with fast-food use. To compare the dietary intake of individuals on the day that they ate fast food with the day that fast food was not eaten.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study design. The dietary intake of individuals who reported eating fast food on one or both survey days was compared with those who did not report eating fast food. Among the individuals who reported eating fast food, dietary intake on the day when fast food was eaten was compared with the day when fast food was not eaten. Weighted comparison of mean intakes and pairwise t-test were used in the statistical analysis. Subjects/setting Data from 17370 adults and children who participated in the 1994-1996 and 1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. Dietary intake data were collected by 2 non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls.

RESULTS

Fast-food use was reported by 37% of the adults and 42% of the children. Adults and children who reported eating fast food had higher intake of energy, fat, saturated fat, sodium, carbonated soft drink, and lower intake of vitamins A and C, milk, fruits and vegetables than those who did not reported eating fast food (P<.001). Similar differences were observed among individuals between the day when fast food was eaten and the day when fast food was not eaten.

CONCLUSIONS

Consumers should be aware that consumption of high-fat fast food may contribute to higher energy and fat intake, and lower intake of healthful nutrients.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Nutritional Epidemiology, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA. paerats@pbrc.edu

    , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Age Factors
    Carbonated Beverages
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Dietary Fats
    Energy Intake
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Humans
    Interviews as Topic
    Male
    Mental Recall
    Middle Aged
    Restaurants
    United States
    Vitamins

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    14520253

    Citation

    Paeratakul, Sahasporn, et al. "Fast-food Consumption Among US Adults and Children: Dietary and Nutrient Intake Profile." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 103, no. 10, 2003, pp. 1332-8.
    Paeratakul S, Ferdinand DP, Champagne CM, et al. Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103(10):1332-8.
    Paeratakul, S., Ferdinand, D. P., Champagne, C. M., Ryan, D. H., & Bray, G. A. (2003). Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 103(10), pp. 1332-8.
    Paeratakul S, et al. Fast-food Consumption Among US Adults and Children: Dietary and Nutrient Intake Profile. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003;103(10):1332-8. PubMed PMID: 14520253.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile. AU - Paeratakul,Sahasporn, AU - Ferdinand,Daphne P, AU - Champagne,Catherine M, AU - Ryan,Donna H, AU - Bray,George A, PY - 2003/10/2/pubmed PY - 2003/11/7/medline PY - 2003/10/2/entrez SP - 1332 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 103 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the dietary profile associated with fast-food use. To compare the dietary intake of individuals on the day that they ate fast food with the day that fast food was not eaten. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design. The dietary intake of individuals who reported eating fast food on one or both survey days was compared with those who did not report eating fast food. Among the individuals who reported eating fast food, dietary intake on the day when fast food was eaten was compared with the day when fast food was not eaten. Weighted comparison of mean intakes and pairwise t-test were used in the statistical analysis. Subjects/setting Data from 17370 adults and children who participated in the 1994-1996 and 1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. Dietary intake data were collected by 2 non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls. RESULTS: Fast-food use was reported by 37% of the adults and 42% of the children. Adults and children who reported eating fast food had higher intake of energy, fat, saturated fat, sodium, carbonated soft drink, and lower intake of vitamins A and C, milk, fruits and vegetables than those who did not reported eating fast food (P<.001). Similar differences were observed among individuals between the day when fast food was eaten and the day when fast food was not eaten. CONCLUSIONS: Consumers should be aware that consumption of high-fat fast food may contribute to higher energy and fat intake, and lower intake of healthful nutrients. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/14520253/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002822303010861 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -