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Oral mucositis: a challenging complication of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiochemotherapy: part 1, pathogenesis and prophylaxis of mucositis.
BACKGROUNDOral mucositis is a common sequel of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiochemotherapy in patients with cancer or patients requiring hemopoietic stem cell transplants. Mucositis has a direct and significant impact on the duration of disease remission and cure rates, because it is a cancer treatment-limiting toxicity. Mucositis also affects survival because of the risk of infection and has a significant impact on the quality of life and cost of care.
METHODSThis article reviews publications on the etiopathogenesis and prevention of oral mucositis accessible from a MEDLINE search using as key words, mucositis, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hemopoietic stem cell transplant, and oral.
CONCLUSIONSOf the current available products, ice chips and benzydamine have the strongest scientific evidence of support for prophylaxis of mucositis.
Eastman Dental Institute for Oral Health Care Sciences, World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for Oral Health, Disability and Cultures, University College London, University of London, London WC1X 8LD United Kingdom. email@example.com,
Combined Modality Therapy
Pub Type(s)Journal Article