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Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994.
Am J Public Health 2004; 94(5):870-5AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We sought to determine prevalence rates of vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States.

METHODS

We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess intake of dietary, supplemental, and serum vitamin C.

RESULTS

Mean intakes and serum levels of vitamin C were normal; however, vitamin C deficiency and depletion were common (occurring among 5%-17% and 13%-23% of respondents, respectively). Smokers, those who did not use supplements, and non-Hispanic Black males had elevated risks of vitamin C deficiency, while Mexican Americans had lower risks.

CONCLUSIONS

Health professionals should recommend consumption of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C and should recommend supplementation for individuals at risk of vitamin C deficiency.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, 7001 E. Williams Field Road, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA. Jeff.Hampl@asu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15117714

Citation

Hampl, Jeffrey S., et al. "Vitamin C Deficiency and Depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 5, 2004, pp. 870-5.
Hampl JS, Taylor CA, Johnston CS. Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(5):870-5.
Hampl, J. S., Taylor, C. A., & Johnston, C. S. (2004). Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. American Journal of Public Health, 94(5), pp. 870-5.
Hampl JS, Taylor CA, Johnston CS. Vitamin C Deficiency and Depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(5):870-5. PubMed PMID: 15117714.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. AU - Hampl,Jeffrey S, AU - Taylor,Christopher A, AU - Johnston,Carol S, PY - 2004/5/1/pubmed PY - 2004/6/16/medline PY - 2004/5/1/entrez SP - 870 EP - 5 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 94 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine prevalence rates of vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess intake of dietary, supplemental, and serum vitamin C. RESULTS: Mean intakes and serum levels of vitamin C were normal; however, vitamin C deficiency and depletion were common (occurring among 5%-17% and 13%-23% of respondents, respectively). Smokers, those who did not use supplements, and non-Hispanic Black males had elevated risks of vitamin C deficiency, while Mexican Americans had lower risks. CONCLUSIONS: Health professionals should recommend consumption of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C and should recommend supplementation for individuals at risk of vitamin C deficiency. SN - 0090-0036 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15117714/full_citation L2 - http://www.ajph.org/doi/full/10.2105/ajph.94.5.870?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -