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Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We sought to determine prevalence rates of vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States.

METHODS

We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess intake of dietary, supplemental, and serum vitamin C.

RESULTS

Mean intakes and serum levels of vitamin C were normal; however, vitamin C deficiency and depletion were common (occurring among 5%-17% and 13%-23% of respondents, respectively). Smokers, those who did not use supplements, and non-Hispanic Black males had elevated risks of vitamin C deficiency, while Mexican Americans had lower risks.

CONCLUSIONS

Health professionals should recommend consumption of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C and should recommend supplementation for individuals at risk of vitamin C deficiency.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, 7001 E. Williams Field Road, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA. Jeff.Hampl@asu.edu

    ,

    Source

    American journal of public health 94:5 2004 May pg 870-5

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Ascorbic Acid Deficiency
    Child
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Surveys
    Odds Ratio
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15117714

    Citation

    Hampl, Jeffrey S., et al. "Vitamin C Deficiency and Depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 5, 2004, pp. 870-5.
    Hampl JS, Taylor CA, Johnston CS. Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(5):870-5.
    Hampl, J. S., Taylor, C. A., & Johnston, C. S. (2004). Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. American Journal of Public Health, 94(5), pp. 870-5.
    Hampl JS, Taylor CA, Johnston CS. Vitamin C Deficiency and Depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. Am J Public Health. 2004;94(5):870-5. PubMed PMID: 15117714.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States: the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. AU - Hampl,Jeffrey S, AU - Taylor,Christopher A, AU - Johnston,Carol S, PY - 2004/5/1/pubmed PY - 2004/6/16/medline PY - 2004/5/1/entrez SP - 870 EP - 5 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 94 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine prevalence rates of vitamin C deficiency and depletion in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess intake of dietary, supplemental, and serum vitamin C. RESULTS: Mean intakes and serum levels of vitamin C were normal; however, vitamin C deficiency and depletion were common (occurring among 5%-17% and 13%-23% of respondents, respectively). Smokers, those who did not use supplements, and non-Hispanic Black males had elevated risks of vitamin C deficiency, while Mexican Americans had lower risks. CONCLUSIONS: Health professionals should recommend consumption of vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C and should recommend supplementation for individuals at risk of vitamin C deficiency. SN - 0090-0036 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15117714/full_citation L2 - http://www.ajph.org/doi/full/10.2105/ajph.94.5.870?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -