Support of the metabolic response to burn injury.
Severe burn causes metabolic disturbances that can last for a year after injury; persistent and profound catabolism hampers rehabilitative efforts and delays the meaningful return of individuals to society. The simplest, effective anabolic strategies for severe burn injuries are: early excision and grafting of the wound; prompt treatment of sepsis; maintenance of environmental temperature at 30-32 degrees C; continuous feeding of a high carbohydrate, high protein diet, preferably by the enteral route; and early institution of vigorous and aerobic resistive exercise programmes. To further keep erosion of lean body mass to a minimum, administration of anabolic agents, recombinant human growth hormone, insulin, oxandrolone, or anticatabolic drugs such as propranolol are alternative approaches. Exogenous continuous low-dose insulin infusion, beta blockade with propranolol, and use of the synthetic testosterone analogue oxandrolone are the most cost effective and least toxic pharmacological treatments to date.
Shriners Hospital for Children, 815 Market Street, Galveston, TX 77550, USA. email@example.com
Pub Type(s)Journal Article