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Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis.
Hum Reprod 2004; 19(8):1755-9HR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To offer data on the relationship between diet and risk of pelvic endometriosis, we analysed data collected in the framework of two case-control studies.

METHODS

Data from two case-control studies conducted in Northern Italy between 1984 and 1999 were combined. Cases were 504 women aged < 65 years (median age 33 years, range 20-65) with a laparoscopically confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis, admitted to a network of obstetrics and gynaecology departments in Milan, Brescia and Pavia. Controls were 504 women (median age 34 years, range 20-61) admitted for acute non-gynaecological, non-hormonal, non-neoplastic conditions.

RESULTS

Compared to women in the lowest tertile of intake, a significant reduction in risk emerged for higher intake of green vegetables [odds ratio (OR) = 0.3 for the highest tertile of intake] and fresh fruit (OR = 0.6), whereas an increase in risk was associated with high intake of beef and other red meat (OR = 2.0) and ham (OR = 1.8). Consumption of milk, liver, carrots, cheese, fish and whole-grain foods, as well as coffee and alcohol consumption, were not significantly related to endometriosis.

CONCLUSIONS

This study suggests a link between diet and risk of endometriosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', 20157 Milano, Clinica Ostetrico Ginecologica, Università di Milano, 20122 Milano and Studi di via Fontana, 20122 Milano, Italy. parazzini@marionegri.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15254009

Citation

Parazzini, F, et al. "Selected Food Intake and Risk of Endometriosis." Human Reproduction (Oxford, England), vol. 19, no. 8, 2004, pp. 1755-9.
Parazzini F, Chiaffarino F, Surace M, et al. Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis. Hum Reprod. 2004;19(8):1755-9.
Parazzini, F., Chiaffarino, F., Surace, M., Chatenoud, L., Cipriani, S., Chiantera, V., ... Fedele, L. (2004). Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis. Human Reproduction (Oxford, England), 19(8), pp. 1755-9.
Parazzini F, et al. Selected Food Intake and Risk of Endometriosis. Hum Reprod. 2004;19(8):1755-9. PubMed PMID: 15254009.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis. AU - Parazzini,F, AU - Chiaffarino,F, AU - Surace,M, AU - Chatenoud,L, AU - Cipriani,S, AU - Chiantera,V, AU - Benzi,G, AU - Fedele,L, Y1 - 2004/07/14/ PY - 2004/7/16/pubmed PY - 2005/1/28/medline PY - 2004/7/16/entrez SP - 1755 EP - 9 JF - Human reproduction (Oxford, England) JO - Hum. Reprod. VL - 19 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: To offer data on the relationship between diet and risk of pelvic endometriosis, we analysed data collected in the framework of two case-control studies. METHODS: Data from two case-control studies conducted in Northern Italy between 1984 and 1999 were combined. Cases were 504 women aged < 65 years (median age 33 years, range 20-65) with a laparoscopically confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis, admitted to a network of obstetrics and gynaecology departments in Milan, Brescia and Pavia. Controls were 504 women (median age 34 years, range 20-61) admitted for acute non-gynaecological, non-hormonal, non-neoplastic conditions. RESULTS: Compared to women in the lowest tertile of intake, a significant reduction in risk emerged for higher intake of green vegetables [odds ratio (OR) = 0.3 for the highest tertile of intake] and fresh fruit (OR = 0.6), whereas an increase in risk was associated with high intake of beef and other red meat (OR = 2.0) and ham (OR = 1.8). Consumption of milk, liver, carrots, cheese, fish and whole-grain foods, as well as coffee and alcohol consumption, were not significantly related to endometriosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests a link between diet and risk of endometriosis. SN - 0268-1161 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15254009/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/humrep/deh395 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -