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Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

To offer data on the relationship between diet and risk of pelvic endometriosis, we analysed data collected in the framework of two case-control studies.

METHODS

Data from two case-control studies conducted in Northern Italy between 1984 and 1999 were combined. Cases were 504 women aged < 65 years (median age 33 years, range 20-65) with a laparoscopically confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis, admitted to a network of obstetrics and gynaecology departments in Milan, Brescia and Pavia. Controls were 504 women (median age 34 years, range 20-61) admitted for acute non-gynaecological, non-hormonal, non-neoplastic conditions.

RESULTS

Compared to women in the lowest tertile of intake, a significant reduction in risk emerged for higher intake of green vegetables [odds ratio (OR) = 0.3 for the highest tertile of intake] and fresh fruit (OR = 0.6), whereas an increase in risk was associated with high intake of beef and other red meat (OR = 2.0) and ham (OR = 1.8). Consumption of milk, liver, carrots, cheese, fish and whole-grain foods, as well as coffee and alcohol consumption, were not significantly related to endometriosis.

CONCLUSIONS

This study suggests a link between diet and risk of endometriosis.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche 'Mario Negri', 20157 Milano, Clinica Ostetrico Ginecologica, Università di Milano, 20122 Milano and Studi di via Fontana, 20122 Milano, Italy. parazzini@marionegri.it

    , , , , , ,

    Source

    Human reproduction (Oxford, England) 19:8 2004 Aug pg 1755-9

    MeSH

    Adult
    Case-Control Studies
    Eating
    Endometriosis
    Female
    Food
    Fruit
    Humans
    Italy
    Meat
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Surveys
    Risk Factors
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15254009

    Citation

    Parazzini, F, et al. "Selected Food Intake and Risk of Endometriosis." Human Reproduction (Oxford, England), vol. 19, no. 8, 2004, pp. 1755-9.
    Parazzini F, Chiaffarino F, Surace M, et al. Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis. Hum Reprod. 2004;19(8):1755-9.
    Parazzini, F., Chiaffarino, F., Surace, M., Chatenoud, L., Cipriani, S., Chiantera, V., ... Fedele, L. (2004). Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis. Human Reproduction (Oxford, England), 19(8), pp. 1755-9.
    Parazzini F, et al. Selected Food Intake and Risk of Endometriosis. Hum Reprod. 2004;19(8):1755-9. PubMed PMID: 15254009.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Selected food intake and risk of endometriosis. AU - Parazzini,F, AU - Chiaffarino,F, AU - Surace,M, AU - Chatenoud,L, AU - Cipriani,S, AU - Chiantera,V, AU - Benzi,G, AU - Fedele,L, Y1 - 2004/07/14/ PY - 2004/7/16/pubmed PY - 2005/1/28/medline PY - 2004/7/16/entrez SP - 1755 EP - 9 JF - Human reproduction (Oxford, England) JO - Hum. Reprod. VL - 19 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: To offer data on the relationship between diet and risk of pelvic endometriosis, we analysed data collected in the framework of two case-control studies. METHODS: Data from two case-control studies conducted in Northern Italy between 1984 and 1999 were combined. Cases were 504 women aged < 65 years (median age 33 years, range 20-65) with a laparoscopically confirmed diagnosis of endometriosis, admitted to a network of obstetrics and gynaecology departments in Milan, Brescia and Pavia. Controls were 504 women (median age 34 years, range 20-61) admitted for acute non-gynaecological, non-hormonal, non-neoplastic conditions. RESULTS: Compared to women in the lowest tertile of intake, a significant reduction in risk emerged for higher intake of green vegetables [odds ratio (OR) = 0.3 for the highest tertile of intake] and fresh fruit (OR = 0.6), whereas an increase in risk was associated with high intake of beef and other red meat (OR = 2.0) and ham (OR = 1.8). Consumption of milk, liver, carrots, cheese, fish and whole-grain foods, as well as coffee and alcohol consumption, were not significantly related to endometriosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests a link between diet and risk of endometriosis. SN - 0268-1161 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15254009/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/humrep/deh395 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -