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Herbs and nutrients in the treatment of depression, anxiety, insomnia, migraine, and obesity.

Abstract

Although a multitude of pharmaceutical agents are available for the treatment of mood disorders, anxiety and insomnia, many patients have difficulty tolerating the side effects, do not respond adequately, or eventually lose their response. Many therapeutic herbs and nutrients have far fewer side effects and may provide an alternative treatment or can be used to enhance the effect of prescription medications. In the article, the authors review the quality of the evidence supporting the clinical effects of a number of commonly used types of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) for mood disorders, anxiety, and insomnia. They review data on the use of St. John's Wort, S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM-e), B vitamins, inositol, omega-3 fatty acids, and choline for mood disorders; data on the use of kava and other herbal agents and fish extract for anxiety and insomnia; and data on valerian and melatonin for insomnia. The authors also discuss the use of CAM to treat migraines, which may be comorbid with mood and anxiety disorders, and obesity, which can occur as a side effect of psychotropic medications. They consider the data on feverfew and butterbur for migraines and on chromium picolinate and the combination of ephedrine and caffeine for obesity. The authors also review issues related to comorbid medical illness, side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and brand selection.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, USA.

    Source

    Journal of psychiatric practice 7:2 2001 Mar pg 75-91

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15990509

    Citation

    Brown, R P., and P L. Gerbarg. "Herbs and Nutrients in the Treatment of Depression, Anxiety, Insomnia, Migraine, and Obesity." Journal of Psychiatric Practice, vol. 7, no. 2, 2001, pp. 75-91.
    Brown RP, Gerbarg PL. Herbs and nutrients in the treatment of depression, anxiety, insomnia, migraine, and obesity. J Psychiatr Pract. 2001;7(2):75-91.
    Brown, R. P., & Gerbarg, P. L. (2001). Herbs and nutrients in the treatment of depression, anxiety, insomnia, migraine, and obesity. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 7(2), pp. 75-91.
    Brown RP, Gerbarg PL. Herbs and Nutrients in the Treatment of Depression, Anxiety, Insomnia, Migraine, and Obesity. J Psychiatr Pract. 2001;7(2):75-91. PubMed PMID: 15990509.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Herbs and nutrients in the treatment of depression, anxiety, insomnia, migraine, and obesity. AU - Brown,R P, AU - Gerbarg,P L, PY - 2005/7/2/pubmed PY - 2005/7/2/medline PY - 2005/7/2/entrez SP - 75 EP - 91 JF - Journal of psychiatric practice JO - J Psychiatr Pract VL - 7 IS - 2 N2 - Although a multitude of pharmaceutical agents are available for the treatment of mood disorders, anxiety and insomnia, many patients have difficulty tolerating the side effects, do not respond adequately, or eventually lose their response. Many therapeutic herbs and nutrients have far fewer side effects and may provide an alternative treatment or can be used to enhance the effect of prescription medications. In the article, the authors review the quality of the evidence supporting the clinical effects of a number of commonly used types of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) for mood disorders, anxiety, and insomnia. They review data on the use of St. John's Wort, S-adenosyl-methionine (SAM-e), B vitamins, inositol, omega-3 fatty acids, and choline for mood disorders; data on the use of kava and other herbal agents and fish extract for anxiety and insomnia; and data on valerian and melatonin for insomnia. The authors also discuss the use of CAM to treat migraines, which may be comorbid with mood and anxiety disorders, and obesity, which can occur as a side effect of psychotropic medications. They consider the data on feverfew and butterbur for migraines and on chromium picolinate and the combination of ephedrine and caffeine for obesity. The authors also review issues related to comorbid medical illness, side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and brand selection. SN - 1527-4160 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15990509/full_citation L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=15990509 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -