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Sleep hygiene practices in a population-based sample of insomniacs.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES

The present study was designed to assess selected aspects of sleep hygiene from a population-based sample of individuals with insomnia compared to age- and sex-matched controls.

DESIGN

A random-sample phone survey of 258 individuals meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-based criteria for insomnia was compared to age- and sex-matched normal sleepers on specific measures of sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene practices measured included cigarette smoking, smoking near bedtime, alcohol use, caffeine use, napping, time in bed, and reported likelihood of sleeping in on weekends.

SETTING

Detroit tricounty population.

PARTICIPANTS

258 individuals 18 to 65 years old with insomnia and 258 age- and sex-matched controls.

INTERVENTIONS

N/A.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS

Insomniacs reported poorer sleep hygiene, as evidenced by an increase in prevalence of smoking close to bedtime and increased use of alcohol. They also reported more naps per week and sleeping in on days not worked. Caffeine use did not differ between groups. Time in bed was also comparable between insomniacs and controls.

CONCLUSION

Insomniacs do engage in specific poor sleep hygiene practices, such as smoking and drinking alcohol just before bedtime. These particular aspects of sleep hygiene may be important components that exacerbate or perpetuate insomnia.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Henry Ford Hospital Sleep Disorders and Research Center, Detroit, MI, USA. Cjeffer2@hfhs.org

    , , , , ,

    Source

    Sleep 28:5 2005 May pg 611-5

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Alcohol Drinking
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Population Surveillance
    Prevalence
    Severity of Illness Index
    Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
    Smoking

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16171275

    Citation

    Jefferson, Catherine D., et al. "Sleep Hygiene Practices in a Population-based Sample of Insomniacs." Sleep, vol. 28, no. 5, 2005, pp. 611-5.
    Jefferson CD, Drake CL, Scofield HM, et al. Sleep hygiene practices in a population-based sample of insomniacs. Sleep. 2005;28(5):611-5.
    Jefferson, C. D., Drake, C. L., Scofield, H. M., Myers, E., McClure, T., Roehrs, T., & Roth, T. (2005). Sleep hygiene practices in a population-based sample of insomniacs. Sleep, 28(5), pp. 611-5.
    Jefferson CD, et al. Sleep Hygiene Practices in a Population-based Sample of Insomniacs. Sleep. 2005;28(5):611-5. PubMed PMID: 16171275.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Sleep hygiene practices in a population-based sample of insomniacs. AU - Jefferson,Catherine D, AU - Drake,Christopher L, AU - Scofield,Holly M, AU - Myers,Eric, AU - McClure,Tara, AU - Roehrs,Timothy, AU - Roth,Thomas, PY - 2005/9/21/pubmed PY - 2005/12/16/medline PY - 2005/9/21/entrez SP - 611 EP - 5 JF - Sleep JO - Sleep VL - 28 IS - 5 N2 - STUDY OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to assess selected aspects of sleep hygiene from a population-based sample of individuals with insomnia compared to age- and sex-matched controls. DESIGN: A random-sample phone survey of 258 individuals meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition-based criteria for insomnia was compared to age- and sex-matched normal sleepers on specific measures of sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene practices measured included cigarette smoking, smoking near bedtime, alcohol use, caffeine use, napping, time in bed, and reported likelihood of sleeping in on weekends. SETTING: Detroit tricounty population. PARTICIPANTS: 258 individuals 18 to 65 years old with insomnia and 258 age- and sex-matched controls. INTERVENTIONS: N/A. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Insomniacs reported poorer sleep hygiene, as evidenced by an increase in prevalence of smoking close to bedtime and increased use of alcohol. They also reported more naps per week and sleeping in on days not worked. Caffeine use did not differ between groups. Time in bed was also comparable between insomniacs and controls. CONCLUSION: Insomniacs do engage in specific poor sleep hygiene practices, such as smoking and drinking alcohol just before bedtime. These particular aspects of sleep hygiene may be important components that exacerbate or perpetuate insomnia. SN - 0161-8105 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16171275/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/sleep/28.5.611 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -