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Meat, fish, poultry and egg consumption in relation to risk of pancreatic cancer: a prospective study.

Abstract

High meat consumption has been associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer in several, although not all, case-control studies. However, prospective data on this relationship are sparse, and the results have been inconsistent. We prospectively evaluated meat, fish, poultry, and egg consumption in relation to pancreatic cancer incidence in a population-based cohort of 61,433 Swedish women. Diet was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline (1987-1990) and again in 1997. Pancreatic cancers were ascertained through linkage to the Swedish Cancer Register. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate multivariate hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI). During the 941,218 person-years of follow-up, from 1987 through 2004, 172 incident cases of pancreatic cancer were diagnosed. Long-term red meat consumption (using data from both dietary questionnaires) was positively associated with risk of pancreatic cancer (p-trend = 0.01), whereas long-term poultry consumption was inversely (p-trend = 0.04) associated with risk. The multivariate hazard ratios for the highest versus the lowest category of consumption were 1.73 (95% CI = 0.99-2.98) for red meat and 0.44 (95% CI = 0.20-0.97) for poultry. There were no significant associations with processed meat, fish or egg consumption. Findings from this prospective study suggest that substituting poultry for red meat might reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Division of Nutritional Epidemiology, The National Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. susanna.larsson@ki.se

    , ,

    Source

    International journal of cancer 118:11 2006 Jun 01 pg 2866-70

    MeSH

    Cohort Studies
    Diet
    Eggs
    Female
    Humans
    Meat
    Middle Aged
    Odds Ratio
    Pancreatic Neoplasms
    Prospective Studies
    Registries

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16385571

    Citation

    Larsson, Susanna C., et al. "Meat, Fish, Poultry and Egg Consumption in Relation to Risk of Pancreatic Cancer: a Prospective Study." International Journal of Cancer, vol. 118, no. 11, 2006, pp. 2866-70.
    Larsson SC, Håkanson N, Permert J, et al. Meat, fish, poultry and egg consumption in relation to risk of pancreatic cancer: a prospective study. Int J Cancer. 2006;118(11):2866-70.
    Larsson, S. C., Håkanson, N., Permert, J., & Wolk, A. (2006). Meat, fish, poultry and egg consumption in relation to risk of pancreatic cancer: a prospective study. International Journal of Cancer, 118(11), pp. 2866-70.
    Larsson SC, et al. Meat, Fish, Poultry and Egg Consumption in Relation to Risk of Pancreatic Cancer: a Prospective Study. Int J Cancer. 2006 Jun 1;118(11):2866-70. PubMed PMID: 16385571.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Meat, fish, poultry and egg consumption in relation to risk of pancreatic cancer: a prospective study. AU - Larsson,Susanna C, AU - Håkanson,Niclas, AU - Permert,Johan, AU - Wolk,Alicja, PY - 2005/12/31/pubmed PY - 2006/5/23/medline PY - 2005/12/31/entrez SP - 2866 EP - 70 JF - International journal of cancer JO - Int. J. Cancer VL - 118 IS - 11 N2 - High meat consumption has been associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer in several, although not all, case-control studies. However, prospective data on this relationship are sparse, and the results have been inconsistent. We prospectively evaluated meat, fish, poultry, and egg consumption in relation to pancreatic cancer incidence in a population-based cohort of 61,433 Swedish women. Diet was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire at baseline (1987-1990) and again in 1997. Pancreatic cancers were ascertained through linkage to the Swedish Cancer Register. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate multivariate hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CI). During the 941,218 person-years of follow-up, from 1987 through 2004, 172 incident cases of pancreatic cancer were diagnosed. Long-term red meat consumption (using data from both dietary questionnaires) was positively associated with risk of pancreatic cancer (p-trend = 0.01), whereas long-term poultry consumption was inversely (p-trend = 0.04) associated with risk. The multivariate hazard ratios for the highest versus the lowest category of consumption were 1.73 (95% CI = 0.99-2.98) for red meat and 0.44 (95% CI = 0.20-0.97) for poultry. There were no significant associations with processed meat, fish or egg consumption. Findings from this prospective study suggest that substituting poultry for red meat might reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer. SN - 0020-7136 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16385571/full_citation L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.21732 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -