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Cough and the common cold: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review the literature on cough and the common cold.

METHODS

MEDLINE was searched through May 2004 for studies published in the English language since 1980 on human subjects using the medical subject heading terms "cough" and "common cold." Selected case series and prospective descriptive clinical trials were reviewed. Additional references from these studies that were pertinent to the topic were also reviewed.

RESULTS

Based on extrapolation from epidemiologic data, the common cold is believed to be the single most common cause of acute cough. The most likely mechanism is the direct irritation of upper airway structures. It is also clear that viral infections of the upper respiratory tract that produce the common cold syndrome frequently produce a rhinosinusitis. In the setting of a cold, the presence of abnormalities seen on sinus roentgenograms or sinus CT scans are frequently due to the viral infection and are not diagnostic of bacterial sinus infection.

CONCLUSION

Cough due to the common cold is probably the most common cause of acute cough. In a significant subset of patients with "postinfectious" cough, the etiology is probably an inflammatory response triggered by a viral upper respiratory infection (ie, the common cold). The resultant subacute or chronic cough can be considered to be due to an upper airway cough syndrome, previously referred to as postnasal drip syndrome. This process can be self-perpetuating unless interrupted with active treatment.

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    Source

    Chest 129:1 Suppl 2006 Jan pg 72S-74S

    MeSH

    Acute Disease
    Common Cold
    Cough
    Humans
    Practice Guidelines as Topic

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16428695

    Citation

    Pratter, Melvin R.. "Cough and the Common Cold: ACCP Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines." Chest, vol. 129, no. 1 Suppl, 2006, 72S-74S.
    Pratter MR. Cough and the common cold: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1 Suppl):72S-74S.
    Pratter, M. R. (2006). Cough and the common cold: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. Chest, 129(1 Suppl), 72S-74S. doi:10.1378/chest.129.1_suppl.72S.
    Pratter MR. Cough and the Common Cold: ACCP Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest. 2006;129(1 Suppl):72S-74S. PubMed PMID: 16428695.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Cough and the common cold: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. A1 - Pratter,Melvin R, PY - 2006/1/24/pubmed PY - 2006/2/17/medline PY - 2006/1/24/entrez SP - 72S EP - 74S JF - Chest JO - Chest VL - 129 IS - 1 Suppl N2 - OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on cough and the common cold. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched through May 2004 for studies published in the English language since 1980 on human subjects using the medical subject heading terms "cough" and "common cold." Selected case series and prospective descriptive clinical trials were reviewed. Additional references from these studies that were pertinent to the topic were also reviewed. RESULTS: Based on extrapolation from epidemiologic data, the common cold is believed to be the single most common cause of acute cough. The most likely mechanism is the direct irritation of upper airway structures. It is also clear that viral infections of the upper respiratory tract that produce the common cold syndrome frequently produce a rhinosinusitis. In the setting of a cold, the presence of abnormalities seen on sinus roentgenograms or sinus CT scans are frequently due to the viral infection and are not diagnostic of bacterial sinus infection. CONCLUSION: Cough due to the common cold is probably the most common cause of acute cough. In a significant subset of patients with "postinfectious" cough, the etiology is probably an inflammatory response triggered by a viral upper respiratory infection (ie, the common cold). The resultant subacute or chronic cough can be considered to be due to an upper airway cough syndrome, previously referred to as postnasal drip syndrome. This process can be self-perpetuating unless interrupted with active treatment. SN - 0012-3692 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16428695/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0012-3692(15)52834-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -