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Testing a self-determination theory intervention for motivating tobacco cessation: supporting autonomy and competence in a clinical trial.
Health Psychol 2006; 25(1):91-101HP

Abstract

A longitudinal randomized trial tested the self-determination theory (SDT) intervention and process model of health behavior change for tobacco cessation (N = 1006). Adult smokers were recruited for a study of smokers' health and were assigned to intensive treatment or community care. Participants were relatively poor and undereducated. Intervention patients perceived greater autonomy support and reported greater autonomous and competence motivations than did control patients. They also reported greater medication use and significantly greater abstinence. Structural equation modeling analyses confirmed the SDT process model in which perceived autonomy support led to increases in autonomous and competence motivations, which in turn led to greater cessation. The causal role of autonomy support in the internalization of autonomous motivation, perceived competence, and smoking cessation was supported.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine.Department of Clinical and Social Science in Psychology.Department of Clinical and Social Science in Psychology.Department of Psychology.Department of Medicine.Department of Clinical and Social Science in Psychology.Department of Clinical and Social Science in Psychology.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16448302

Citation

Williams, Geoffrey C., et al. "Testing a Self-determination Theory Intervention for Motivating Tobacco Cessation: Supporting Autonomy and Competence in a Clinical Trial." Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, vol. 25, no. 1, 2006, pp. 91-101.
Williams GC, McGregor HA, Sharp D, et al. Testing a self-determination theory intervention for motivating tobacco cessation: supporting autonomy and competence in a clinical trial. Health Psychol. 2006;25(1):91-101.
Williams, G. C., McGregor, H. A., Sharp, D., Levesque, C., Kouides, R. W., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2006). Testing a self-determination theory intervention for motivating tobacco cessation: supporting autonomy and competence in a clinical trial. Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 25(1), pp. 91-101. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.25.1.91.
Williams GC, et al. Testing a Self-determination Theory Intervention for Motivating Tobacco Cessation: Supporting Autonomy and Competence in a Clinical Trial. Health Psychol. 2006;25(1):91-101. PubMed PMID: 16448302.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Testing a self-determination theory intervention for motivating tobacco cessation: supporting autonomy and competence in a clinical trial. AU - Williams,Geoffrey C, AU - McGregor,Holly A, AU - Sharp,Daryl, AU - Levesque,Chantal, AU - Kouides,Ruth W, AU - Ryan,Richard M, AU - Deci,Edward L, PY - 2006/2/2/pubmed PY - 2006/6/2/medline PY - 2006/2/2/entrez SP - 91 EP - 101 JF - Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association JO - Health Psychol VL - 25 IS - 1 N2 - A longitudinal randomized trial tested the self-determination theory (SDT) intervention and process model of health behavior change for tobacco cessation (N = 1006). Adult smokers were recruited for a study of smokers' health and were assigned to intensive treatment or community care. Participants were relatively poor and undereducated. Intervention patients perceived greater autonomy support and reported greater autonomous and competence motivations than did control patients. They also reported greater medication use and significantly greater abstinence. Structural equation modeling analyses confirmed the SDT process model in which perceived autonomy support led to increases in autonomous and competence motivations, which in turn led to greater cessation. The causal role of autonomy support in the internalization of autonomous motivation, perceived competence, and smoking cessation was supported. SN - 0278-6133 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16448302/full_citation L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/hea/25/1/91 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -