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Meat consumption among Black and White men and risk of prostate cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort.

Abstract

Previous epidemiologic studies have suggested that intake of red meat may be associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. Few studies, however, have examined these associations by race. We examined intake of red meat, processed meat, and poultry in relation to incident prostate cancer among Black and White men in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Participants in the study completed a detailed questionnaire on diet, medical history, and lifestyle in 1992 to 1993. After excluding men with a history of cancer and incomplete dietary information, 692 Black and 64,856 White men were included in the cohort. During follow-up through August 31, 2001, we documented 85 and 5,028 cases of incident prostate cancer among Black and White men, respectively. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). No measure of meat consumption was associated with risk of prostate cancer among White men. Among Black men, total red meat intake (processed plus unprocessed red meat) was associated with higher risk of prostate cancer (RR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-4.2 for highest versus lowest quartile; P(trend) = 0.05); this increase in risk was mainly due to risk associated with consumption of cooked processed meats (sausages, bacon, and hot dogs; RR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.3-5.3 for highest versus lowest quartile; P(trend) = 0.008). This study suggests that high consumption of cooked processed meats may contribute to prostate cancer risk among Black men in the United States.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, 1599 Clifton Road Northeast, Atlanta, Georgia 30329-4251, USA. crodrigu@cancer.org

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    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    African Continental Ancestry Group
    Aged
    Animals
    Cattle
    Cohort Studies
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    European Continental Ancestry Group
    Humans
    Male
    Meat
    Meat Products
    Middle Aged
    Proportional Hazards Models
    Prospective Studies
    Prostatic Neoplasms
    Risk Factors
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16492907

    Citation

    Rodriguez, Carmen, et al. "Meat Consumption Among Black and White Men and Risk of Prostate Cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort." Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, vol. 15, no. 2, 2006, pp. 211-6.
    Rodriguez C, McCullough ML, Mondul AM, et al. Meat consumption among Black and White men and risk of prostate cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15(2):211-6.
    Rodriguez, C., McCullough, M. L., Mondul, A. M., Jacobs, E. J., Chao, A., Patel, A. V., ... Calle, E. E. (2006). Meat consumption among Black and White men and risk of prostate cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored By the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 15(2), pp. 211-6.
    Rodriguez C, et al. Meat Consumption Among Black and White Men and Risk of Prostate Cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2006;15(2):211-6. PubMed PMID: 16492907.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Meat consumption among Black and White men and risk of prostate cancer in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. AU - Rodriguez,Carmen, AU - McCullough,Marjorie L, AU - Mondul,Alison M, AU - Jacobs,Eric J, AU - Chao,Ann, AU - Patel,Alpa V, AU - Thun,Michael J, AU - Calle,Eugenia E, PY - 2006/2/24/pubmed PY - 2006/6/16/medline PY - 2006/2/24/entrez SP - 211 EP - 6 JF - Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology JO - Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. VL - 15 IS - 2 N2 - Previous epidemiologic studies have suggested that intake of red meat may be associated with increased risk of prostate cancer. Few studies, however, have examined these associations by race. We examined intake of red meat, processed meat, and poultry in relation to incident prostate cancer among Black and White men in the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort. Participants in the study completed a detailed questionnaire on diet, medical history, and lifestyle in 1992 to 1993. After excluding men with a history of cancer and incomplete dietary information, 692 Black and 64,856 White men were included in the cohort. During follow-up through August 31, 2001, we documented 85 and 5,028 cases of incident prostate cancer among Black and White men, respectively. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate rate ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). No measure of meat consumption was associated with risk of prostate cancer among White men. Among Black men, total red meat intake (processed plus unprocessed red meat) was associated with higher risk of prostate cancer (RR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-4.2 for highest versus lowest quartile; P(trend) = 0.05); this increase in risk was mainly due to risk associated with consumption of cooked processed meats (sausages, bacon, and hot dogs; RR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.3-5.3 for highest versus lowest quartile; P(trend) = 0.008). This study suggests that high consumption of cooked processed meats may contribute to prostate cancer risk among Black men in the United States. SN - 1055-9965 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16492907/full_citation L2 - http://cebp.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16492907 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -