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Selenium treatment in autoimmune thyroiditis: 9-month follow-up with variable doses.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term (9 months) effects of variable doses (200/100 microg/day) of L-selenomethionine on autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and the parameters affecting the success rate of this therapy. The present study was designed in three steps: (1) 88 female patients with AIT (mean age = 40.1 +/- 13.3 years) were randomized into two groups according to their initial serum TSH, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) concentrations, and age. All the patients were receiving L-thyroxine to keep serum TSH <or=2 mIU/l. Group S2 (n = 48, mean TPOAb = 803.9 +/- 483.8 IU/ml) received 200 microg L-selenomethionine per day, orally for 3 months, and group C (n = 40, mean TPOAb = 770.3 +/- 406.2 IU/ml) received placebo. (2) 40 volunteers of group S2 were randomized into two age- and TPOAb-matched groups. Group S22 (n = 20) went on taking L-selenomethionine 200 microg/day, while others (group S21) lowered the dose to 100 microg/day. (3) 12 patients of group S22 (group S222) went on taking L-selenomethionine 200 microg/day, while 12 patients of group S21 (S212) increased the dose to 200 microg/day. Serum titers of TPOAb decreased significantly in group S2 (26.2%, P < 0.001), group S22 (23.7%, P < 0.01) and group S212 (30.3%, P < 0.01). There were no significant changes in group C and group S222 (P > 0.05). TPOAb titers increased significantly in group S21 (38.1%, P < 0.01). A significant decrease in thyroglobulin antibody titers was only noted in group S2 (5.2%, P < 0.01). L-selenomethionine substitution suppresses serum concentrations of TPOAb in patients with AIT, but suppression requires doses higher than 100 microg/day which is sufficient to maximize glutathione peroxidase activities. The suppression rate decreases with time.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Thyroidology Unit, Department of Nuclear Medicine, GATA Haydarpasa, Istanbul, Turkey. otturker@yahoo.com

    , ,

    Source

    The Journal of endocrinology 190:1 2006 Jul pg 151-6

    MeSH

    Adult
    Analysis of Variance
    Antibodies, Monoclonal
    Drug Administration Schedule
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Humans
    Iodide Peroxidase
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Selenium
    Statistics, Nonparametric
    Thyroiditis, Autoimmune
    Thyrotropin
    Thyroxine
    Triiodothyronine

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16837619

    Citation

    * When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Selenium treatment in autoimmune thyroiditis: 9-month follow-up with variable doses. AU - Turker,Omer, AU - Kumanlioglu,Kamil, AU - Karapolat,Inanc, AU - Dogan,Ismail, PY - 2006/7/14/pubmed PY - 2006/8/17/medline PY - 2006/7/14/entrez SP - 151 EP - 6 JF - The Journal of endocrinology JO - J. Endocrinol. VL - 190 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term (9 months) effects of variable doses (200/100 microg/day) of L-selenomethionine on autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and the parameters affecting the success rate of this therapy. The present study was designed in three steps: (1) 88 female patients with AIT (mean age = 40.1 +/- 13.3 years) were randomized into two groups according to their initial serum TSH, thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) concentrations, and age. All the patients were receiving L-thyroxine to keep serum TSH <or=2 mIU/l. Group S2 (n = 48, mean TPOAb = 803.9 +/- 483.8 IU/ml) received 200 microg L-selenomethionine per day, orally for 3 months, and group C (n = 40, mean TPOAb = 770.3 +/- 406.2 IU/ml) received placebo. (2) 40 volunteers of group S2 were randomized into two age- and TPOAb-matched groups. Group S22 (n = 20) went on taking L-selenomethionine 200 microg/day, while others (group S21) lowered the dose to 100 microg/day. (3) 12 patients of group S22 (group S222) went on taking L-selenomethionine 200 microg/day, while 12 patients of group S21 (S212) increased the dose to 200 microg/day. Serum titers of TPOAb decreased significantly in group S2 (26.2%, P < 0.001), group S22 (23.7%, P < 0.01) and group S212 (30.3%, P < 0.01). There were no significant changes in group C and group S222 (P > 0.05). TPOAb titers increased significantly in group S21 (38.1%, P < 0.01). A significant decrease in thyroglobulin antibody titers was only noted in group S2 (5.2%, P < 0.01). L-selenomethionine substitution suppresses serum concentrations of TPOAb in patients with AIT, but suppression requires doses higher than 100 microg/day which is sufficient to maximize glutathione peroxidase activities. The suppression rate decreases with time. SN - 0022-0795 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16837619/full_citation L2 - https://joe.bioscientifica.com/doi/10.1677/joe.1.06661 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -