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Obesity and eye diseases.

Abstract

The prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many countries. Although its impact on overall health is well documented, less is known about the ocular manifestations of obesity. Among different eye diseases, obesity has been linked with age-related cataract, glaucoma, age-related maculopathy, and diabetic retinopathy. Numerous population-based and prospective studies support an association between obesity and risk of age-related cataract. However, the nature and strength of these associations, particularly with the different cataract subtypes, remains to be determined. There is strong evidence that obesity is associated with elevated intraocular pressure, but there is no convincing data to support a more direct association between obesity and glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Studies to date have not found a consistent pattern of association between obesity and risk of age-related maculopathy or diabetic retinopathy. Thus, although obesity may be a risk factor for many ocular conditions, the present literature is inadequate to establish any convincing associations. Furthermore, whether weight loss reduces the risk of eye diseases remains unresolved. Because of the potential public health impact of obesity, there is a greater need to understand its ocular effects.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

    Source

    MeSH

    Body Mass Index
    Eye Diseases
    Humans
    Obesity

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17355856

    Citation

    Cheung, Ning, and Tien Y. Wong. "Obesity and Eye Diseases." Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 52, no. 2, 2007, pp. 180-95.
    Cheung N, Wong TY. Obesity and eye diseases. Surv Ophthalmol. 2007;52(2):180-95.
    Cheung, N., & Wong, T. Y. (2007). Obesity and eye diseases. Survey of Ophthalmology, 52(2), pp. 180-95.
    Cheung N, Wong TY. Obesity and Eye Diseases. Surv Ophthalmol. 2007;52(2):180-95. PubMed PMID: 17355856.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Obesity and eye diseases. AU - Cheung,Ning, AU - Wong,Tien Y, PY - 2007/3/16/pubmed PY - 2007/4/14/medline PY - 2007/3/16/entrez SP - 180 EP - 95 JF - Survey of ophthalmology JO - Surv Ophthalmol VL - 52 IS - 2 N2 - The prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions in many countries. Although its impact on overall health is well documented, less is known about the ocular manifestations of obesity. Among different eye diseases, obesity has been linked with age-related cataract, glaucoma, age-related maculopathy, and diabetic retinopathy. Numerous population-based and prospective studies support an association between obesity and risk of age-related cataract. However, the nature and strength of these associations, particularly with the different cataract subtypes, remains to be determined. There is strong evidence that obesity is associated with elevated intraocular pressure, but there is no convincing data to support a more direct association between obesity and glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Studies to date have not found a consistent pattern of association between obesity and risk of age-related maculopathy or diabetic retinopathy. Thus, although obesity may be a risk factor for many ocular conditions, the present literature is inadequate to establish any convincing associations. Furthermore, whether weight loss reduces the risk of eye diseases remains unresolved. Because of the potential public health impact of obesity, there is a greater need to understand its ocular effects. SN - 0039-6257 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/17355856/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0039-6257(06)00260-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -