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Milk consumption and acne in teenaged boys.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We sought to examine the association between dietary dairy intake and teenaged acne among boys.

METHODS

This was a prospective cohort study. We studied 4273 boys, members of a prospective cohort study of youths and of lifestyle factors, who reported dietary intake on up to 3 food frequency questionnaires from 1996 to 1998 and teenaged acne in 1999. We computed multivariate prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals for acne.

RESULTS

After adjusting for age at baseline, height, and energy intake, the multivariate prevalence ratios (95% confidence interval; P value for test of trend) for acne comparing highest (>2 servings/d) with lowest (<1/wk) intake categories in 1996 were 1.16 (1.01, 1.34; 0.77) for total milk, 1.10 (0.94, 1.28; 0.83) for whole/2% milk, 1.17 (0.99, 1.39; 0.08) for low-fat (1%) milk, and 1.19 (1.01, 1.40; 0.02) for skim milk.

LIMITATIONS

Not all members of the cohort responded to the questionnaire. Acne assessment was by self-report and boys whose symptoms might have been part of an underlying disorder were not excluded. We did not adjust for steroid use and other lifestyle factors that may affect occurrence of acne.

CONCLUSION

We found a positive association between intake of skim milk and acne. This finding suggests that skim milk contains hormonal constituents, or factors that influence endogenous hormones, in sufficient quantities to have biological effects in consumers.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    , , , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Acne Vulgaris
    Adolescent
    Animals
    Child
    Cohort Studies
    Diet Surveys
    Humans
    Male
    Milk
    Prevalence
    Prospective Studies

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18194824

    Citation

    Adebamowo, Clement A., et al. "Milk Consumption and Acne in Teenaged Boys." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 58, no. 5, 2008, pp. 787-93.
    Adebamowo CA, Spiegelman D, Berkey CS, et al. Milk consumption and acne in teenaged boys. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;58(5):787-93.
    Adebamowo, C. A., Spiegelman, D., Berkey, C. S., Danby, F. W., Rockett, H. H., Colditz, G. A., ... Holmes, M. D. (2008). Milk consumption and acne in teenaged boys. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 58(5), pp. 787-93. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2007.08.049.
    Adebamowo CA, et al. Milk Consumption and Acne in Teenaged Boys. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;58(5):787-93. PubMed PMID: 18194824.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Milk consumption and acne in teenaged boys. AU - Adebamowo,Clement A, AU - Spiegelman,Donna, AU - Berkey,Catherine S, AU - Danby,F William, AU - Rockett,Helaine H, AU - Colditz,Graham A, AU - Willett,Walter C, AU - Holmes,Michelle D, Y1 - 2008/01/14/ PY - 2007/03/14/received PY - 2007/05/14/revised PY - 2007/08/01/accepted PY - 2008/1/16/pubmed PY - 2008/5/8/medline PY - 2008/1/16/entrez SP - 787 EP - 93 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology JO - J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. VL - 58 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the association between dietary dairy intake and teenaged acne among boys. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study. We studied 4273 boys, members of a prospective cohort study of youths and of lifestyle factors, who reported dietary intake on up to 3 food frequency questionnaires from 1996 to 1998 and teenaged acne in 1999. We computed multivariate prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals for acne. RESULTS: After adjusting for age at baseline, height, and energy intake, the multivariate prevalence ratios (95% confidence interval; P value for test of trend) for acne comparing highest (>2 servings/d) with lowest (<1/wk) intake categories in 1996 were 1.16 (1.01, 1.34; 0.77) for total milk, 1.10 (0.94, 1.28; 0.83) for whole/2% milk, 1.17 (0.99, 1.39; 0.08) for low-fat (1%) milk, and 1.19 (1.01, 1.40; 0.02) for skim milk. LIMITATIONS: Not all members of the cohort responded to the questionnaire. Acne assessment was by self-report and boys whose symptoms might have been part of an underlying disorder were not excluded. We did not adjust for steroid use and other lifestyle factors that may affect occurrence of acne. CONCLUSION: We found a positive association between intake of skim milk and acne. This finding suggests that skim milk contains hormonal constituents, or factors that influence endogenous hormones, in sufficient quantities to have biological effects in consumers. SN - 1097-6787 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18194824/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0190-9622(07)02402-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -