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Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced asthma and rhinitis in Mexican children.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Diet during pregnancy and childhood has been suggested to play an important role in children's asthma risk. We assessed whether the adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, for children in the last 12 months and their mothers during pregnancy, was associated with both childhood asthma and allergic rhinitis.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2004 using a random sample of 1476 children (6- to 7-year old) from the Mexicali region, Mexico. Dietary data of children's intake in the last 12 months and their mothers' intake during pregnancy was collected, through a parental food frequency questionnaire. A Mediterranean diet score was computed [Trichopoulou et al., N Engl J Med 348 (2003), 2599]. Data on seven asthma and rhinitis-related outcomes were obtained from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire.

RESULTS

Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern was inversely associated with asthma ever (OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.40-0.91), wheezing ever (0.64, 0.47-0.87), rhinitis ever (0.41, 0.22-0.77), sneezing ever (0.79, 0.59-1.07), current sneezing (0.71, 0.52-0.96) and current itchy-watery eyes (0.63, 0.42-0.95). No associations were found using the mothers' pregnancy diet score, except for current sneezing (0.71, 0.53-0.97).

CONCLUSIONS

Our findings suggest a protective effect of following a healthy dietary pattern on asthma and allergic rhinitis in Mexican children.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain.

    , , ,

    Source

    Allergy 63:10 2008 Oct pg 1310-6

    MeSH

    Asthma
    Child
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Female
    Humans
    Mexico
    Pregnancy
    Prevalence
    Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    18782109

    Citation

    de Batlle, J, et al. "Mediterranean Diet Is Associated With Reduced Asthma and Rhinitis in Mexican Children." Allergy, vol. 63, no. 10, 2008, pp. 1310-6.
    de Batlle J, Garcia-Aymerich J, Barraza-Villarreal A, et al. Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced asthma and rhinitis in Mexican children. Allergy. 2008;63(10):1310-6.
    de Batlle, J., Garcia-Aymerich, J., Barraza-Villarreal, A., Antó, J. M., & Romieu, I. (2008). Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced asthma and rhinitis in Mexican children. Allergy, 63(10), pp. 1310-6. doi:10.1111/j.1398-9995.2008.01722.x.
    de Batlle J, et al. Mediterranean Diet Is Associated With Reduced Asthma and Rhinitis in Mexican Children. Allergy. 2008;63(10):1310-6. PubMed PMID: 18782109.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Mediterranean diet is associated with reduced asthma and rhinitis in Mexican children. AU - de Batlle,J, AU - Garcia-Aymerich,J, AU - Barraza-Villarreal,A, AU - Antó,J M, AU - Romieu,I, PY - 2008/9/11/pubmed PY - 2008/11/18/medline PY - 2008/9/11/entrez SP - 1310 EP - 6 JF - Allergy JO - Allergy VL - 63 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Diet during pregnancy and childhood has been suggested to play an important role in children's asthma risk. We assessed whether the adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, for children in the last 12 months and their mothers during pregnancy, was associated with both childhood asthma and allergic rhinitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2004 using a random sample of 1476 children (6- to 7-year old) from the Mexicali region, Mexico. Dietary data of children's intake in the last 12 months and their mothers' intake during pregnancy was collected, through a parental food frequency questionnaire. A Mediterranean diet score was computed [Trichopoulou et al., N Engl J Med 348 (2003), 2599]. Data on seven asthma and rhinitis-related outcomes were obtained from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire. RESULTS: Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern was inversely associated with asthma ever (OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.40-0.91), wheezing ever (0.64, 0.47-0.87), rhinitis ever (0.41, 0.22-0.77), sneezing ever (0.79, 0.59-1.07), current sneezing (0.71, 0.52-0.96) and current itchy-watery eyes (0.63, 0.42-0.95). No associations were found using the mothers' pregnancy diet score, except for current sneezing (0.71, 0.53-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a protective effect of following a healthy dietary pattern on asthma and allergic rhinitis in Mexican children. SN - 1398-9995 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/18782109/full_citation L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2008.01722.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -