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Animal origin foods and colorectal cancer risk: a report from the Shanghai Women's Health Study.
Nutr Cancer 2009; 61(2):194-205NC

Abstract

The association of animal-origin food consumption and cooking patterns with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk was evaluated in a cohort of 73,224 participants of the Shanghai Women's Health Study. After a mean follow-up time of 7.4 yr, 394 incident cases of CRC (colon = 236; rectal = 158) were diagnosed. Overall, no association was found between the risk of CRC and intake of total meat and total fish. Eel (P(trend) = 0.01), shrimp (P(trend) = 0.06), and shellfish (P(trend) = 0.04) consumption were positively associated with CRC risk. High egg intake and high intake of total cholesterol were also related to risk of CRC (RR for the highest vs. lowest quintiles of intake were 1.4 (95% CI = 1.1-2.0) for eggs and 1.6 (95% CI = 1.1-2.3) for cholesterol). Milk intake was inversely associated with the risk of colon cancer (P(trend) = 0.05). Common Chinese cooking practices except the smoking method of cooking were not related to CRC risk. The latter was positively associated with colon cancer (RR = 1.4 for ever vs. never, 95% CI = 1.1-1.9). A possible role of cholesterol and environmental pollution in the etiology of CRC was suggested.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2525 West End Avenue, Nashville, TN 37203-1738, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19235035

Citation

Lee, Sang-Ah, et al. "Animal Origin Foods and Colorectal Cancer Risk: a Report From the Shanghai Women's Health Study." Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 61, no. 2, 2009, pp. 194-205.
Lee SA, Shu XO, Yang G, et al. Animal origin foods and colorectal cancer risk: a report from the Shanghai Women's Health Study. Nutr Cancer. 2009;61(2):194-205.
Lee, S. A., Shu, X. O., Yang, G., Li, H., Gao, Y. T., & Zheng, W. (2009). Animal origin foods and colorectal cancer risk: a report from the Shanghai Women's Health Study. Nutrition and Cancer, 61(2), pp. 194-205. doi:10.1080/01635580802419780.
Lee SA, et al. Animal Origin Foods and Colorectal Cancer Risk: a Report From the Shanghai Women's Health Study. Nutr Cancer. 2009;61(2):194-205. PubMed PMID: 19235035.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Animal origin foods and colorectal cancer risk: a report from the Shanghai Women's Health Study. AU - Lee,Sang-Ah, AU - Shu,Xiao Ou, AU - Yang,Gong, AU - Li,Honglan, AU - Gao,Yu-Tang, AU - Zheng,Wei, PY - 2009/2/24/entrez PY - 2009/2/24/pubmed PY - 2009/6/3/medline SP - 194 EP - 205 JF - Nutrition and cancer JO - Nutr Cancer VL - 61 IS - 2 N2 - The association of animal-origin food consumption and cooking patterns with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk was evaluated in a cohort of 73,224 participants of the Shanghai Women's Health Study. After a mean follow-up time of 7.4 yr, 394 incident cases of CRC (colon = 236; rectal = 158) were diagnosed. Overall, no association was found between the risk of CRC and intake of total meat and total fish. Eel (P(trend) = 0.01), shrimp (P(trend) = 0.06), and shellfish (P(trend) = 0.04) consumption were positively associated with CRC risk. High egg intake and high intake of total cholesterol were also related to risk of CRC (RR for the highest vs. lowest quintiles of intake were 1.4 (95% CI = 1.1-2.0) for eggs and 1.6 (95% CI = 1.1-2.3) for cholesterol). Milk intake was inversely associated with the risk of colon cancer (P(trend) = 0.05). Common Chinese cooking practices except the smoking method of cooking were not related to CRC risk. The latter was positively associated with colon cancer (RR = 1.4 for ever vs. never, 95% CI = 1.1-1.9). A possible role of cholesterol and environmental pollution in the etiology of CRC was suggested. SN - 1532-7914 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19235035/full_citation L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01635580802419780 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -