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Potential of flavonoids as anti-inflammatory agents: modulation of pro-inflammatory gene expression and signal transduction pathways.

Abstract

Flavonoids are a large class of naturally occurring compounds widely present in fruits, vegetables, and beverages derived from plants. Reports have suggested that these compounds might be useful for the prevention of a number of diseases, partly due to their anti-inflammatory properties. It has been demonstrated that flavonoids are able to inhibit expression of isoforms of inducible nitric oxide synthase, ciclooxygenase and lipooxygenase, which are responsible for the production of a great amount of nitric oxide, prostanoids and leukotrienes, as well as other mediators of the inflammatory process such as cytokines, chemokines or adhesion molecules. Modulation of the cascade of molecular events leading to the over-expression of those mediators include inhibition of transcription factors such as nuclear factor kappa B, activator protein 1, signal transducers and activators of transcription, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein and others. Effects on the binding capacity of transcription factors may be regulated through the inhibition of protein kinases involved in signal transduction, such as mitogen activated protein kinases. Although the numerous studies published with in vitro approaches allow identifying molecular mechanisms of flavonoid effects, the limited bioavailability of these molecules makes necessary validation in humans. Whatever the case, the data available make clear the potential utility of dietary flavonoids or new flavonoid-based agents for the possible treatment of inflammatory diseases. The present review summarizes recent research data focusing on the modulation of the expression of different inflammatory mediators by flavonoids and the effects on cell signaling pathways responsible for their anti-inflammatory activity.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBERehd) and Institute of Biomedicine, University of León, Spain.

    , ,

    Source

    Current drug metabolism 10:3 2009 Mar pg 256-71

    MeSH

    Animals
    Anti-Inflammatory Agents
    Cyclooxygenase 2
    Cytokines
    Flavonoids
    Gene Expression Regulation
    Humans
    Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
    NF-kappa B
    Nitric Oxide
    Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
    Signal Transduction

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19442088

    Citation

    Tuñón, M J., et al. "Potential of Flavonoids as Anti-inflammatory Agents: Modulation of Pro-inflammatory Gene Expression and Signal Transduction Pathways." Current Drug Metabolism, vol. 10, no. 3, 2009, pp. 256-71.
    Tuñón MJ, García-Mediavilla MV, Sánchez-Campos S, et al. Potential of flavonoids as anti-inflammatory agents: modulation of pro-inflammatory gene expression and signal transduction pathways. Curr Drug Metab. 2009;10(3):256-71.
    Tuñón, M. J., García-Mediavilla, M. V., Sánchez-Campos, S., & González-Gallego, J. (2009). Potential of flavonoids as anti-inflammatory agents: modulation of pro-inflammatory gene expression and signal transduction pathways. Current Drug Metabolism, 10(3), pp. 256-71.
    Tuñón MJ, et al. Potential of Flavonoids as Anti-inflammatory Agents: Modulation of Pro-inflammatory Gene Expression and Signal Transduction Pathways. Curr Drug Metab. 2009;10(3):256-71. PubMed PMID: 19442088.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Potential of flavonoids as anti-inflammatory agents: modulation of pro-inflammatory gene expression and signal transduction pathways. AU - Tuñón,M J, AU - García-Mediavilla,M V, AU - Sánchez-Campos,S, AU - González-Gallego,J, PY - 2009/5/16/entrez PY - 2009/5/16/pubmed PY - 2009/7/8/medline SP - 256 EP - 71 JF - Current drug metabolism JO - Curr. Drug Metab. VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - Flavonoids are a large class of naturally occurring compounds widely present in fruits, vegetables, and beverages derived from plants. Reports have suggested that these compounds might be useful for the prevention of a number of diseases, partly due to their anti-inflammatory properties. It has been demonstrated that flavonoids are able to inhibit expression of isoforms of inducible nitric oxide synthase, ciclooxygenase and lipooxygenase, which are responsible for the production of a great amount of nitric oxide, prostanoids and leukotrienes, as well as other mediators of the inflammatory process such as cytokines, chemokines or adhesion molecules. Modulation of the cascade of molecular events leading to the over-expression of those mediators include inhibition of transcription factors such as nuclear factor kappa B, activator protein 1, signal transducers and activators of transcription, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein and others. Effects on the binding capacity of transcription factors may be regulated through the inhibition of protein kinases involved in signal transduction, such as mitogen activated protein kinases. Although the numerous studies published with in vitro approaches allow identifying molecular mechanisms of flavonoid effects, the limited bioavailability of these molecules makes necessary validation in humans. Whatever the case, the data available make clear the potential utility of dietary flavonoids or new flavonoid-based agents for the possible treatment of inflammatory diseases. The present review summarizes recent research data focusing on the modulation of the expression of different inflammatory mediators by flavonoids and the effects on cell signaling pathways responsible for their anti-inflammatory activity. SN - 1389-2002 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19442088/full_citation L2 - http://www.eurekaselect.com/68936/article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -