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The effects of physical activity on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: the evidence.

Abstract

Evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) on cognitive performance and suggests that effects might be particularly large for children. However, limited research has explored PA as a means of managing behavioral symptoms and improving cognitive performance of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The etiology of ADHD and the putative mechanisms for the effects of PA on cognitive performance suggest that PA might be especially important for this population.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature regarding the potential of PA for ADHD symptom management, particularly in regard to behavioral and cognitive symptoms.

METHODS

Literature was reviewed for published and unpublished research specifically examining the effects of PA on cognitive and/or behavioral symptoms of ADHD. Additionally, potential mechanisms were addressed.

RESULTS

Albeit limited, current research generally supports the potential for acute and chronic PA to mitigate ADHD symptoms.

CONCLUSION

Given the generally supportive extant literature and the challenges that face children with ADHD, future research exploring the potential of PA with this population is advocated.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, Campus Box 1126, Vadalabene Center, Edwardsville, IL 62026, USA. jgapin@siue.edu

    ,

    Source

    Preventive medicine 52 Suppl 1: 2011 Jun pg S70-4

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Child
    Child Behavior
    Cognition
    Exercise
    Humans
    Motor Activity
    Sports

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21281664

    Citation

    Gapin, Jennifer I., et al. "The Effects of Physical Activity On Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms: the Evidence." Preventive Medicine, vol. 52 Suppl 1, 2011, pp. S70-4.
    Gapin JI, Labban JD, Etnier JL. The effects of physical activity on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: the evidence. Prev Med. 2011;52 Suppl 1:S70-4.
    Gapin, J. I., Labban, J. D., & Etnier, J. L. (2011). The effects of physical activity on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: the evidence. Preventive Medicine, 52 Suppl 1, pp. S70-4. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.01.022.
    Gapin JI, Labban JD, Etnier JL. The Effects of Physical Activity On Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms: the Evidence. Prev Med. 2011;52 Suppl 1:S70-4. PubMed PMID: 21281664.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of physical activity on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms: the evidence. AU - Gapin,Jennifer I, AU - Labban,Jeffrey D, AU - Etnier,Jennifer L, Y1 - 2011/01/31/ PY - 2011/2/2/entrez PY - 2011/2/2/pubmed PY - 2011/11/16/medline SP - S70 EP - 4 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 52 Suppl 1 N2 - UNLABELLED: Evidence supports the beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) on cognitive performance and suggests that effects might be particularly large for children. However, limited research has explored PA as a means of managing behavioral symptoms and improving cognitive performance of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The etiology of ADHD and the putative mechanisms for the effects of PA on cognitive performance suggest that PA might be especially important for this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature regarding the potential of PA for ADHD symptom management, particularly in regard to behavioral and cognitive symptoms. METHODS: Literature was reviewed for published and unpublished research specifically examining the effects of PA on cognitive and/or behavioral symptoms of ADHD. Additionally, potential mechanisms were addressed. RESULTS: Albeit limited, current research generally supports the potential for acute and chronic PA to mitigate ADHD symptoms. CONCLUSION: Given the generally supportive extant literature and the challenges that face children with ADHD, future research exploring the potential of PA with this population is advocated. SN - 1096-0260 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21281664/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(11)00050-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -