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To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females.
Appetite 2012; 58(1):319-25A

Abstract

Previous research has suggested that vegetarianism may serve as a mask for restrained eating. The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviors of vegetarians (n=55), pesco-vegetarians (n=28), semi-vegetarians (n=29), and flexitarians (n=37), to omnivores (n=91), who do not restrict animal products from their diets. A convenience sample of college-age females completed questionnaires about their eating habits, food choice motivations, and personality characteristics. Results indicated that while vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians were more open to new experiences and less food neophobic, they were not more restrained than omnivores. Rather semi-vegetarians; those who restricted only red meat from their diet, and flexitarians; those who occasionally eat red meat, were significantly more restrained than omnivores. Whereas food choices of semi-vegetarians and flexitarians were motivated by weight control, vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians' food choices were motivated by ethical concerns. By focusing specifically on semi-vegetarian and flexitarian subgroups, more effective approaches can be developed to ensure that their concerns about weight loss do not lead to unhealthful or disordered eating patterns.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychology Department, The College of William & Mary, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23185-8795, USA. caforestell@wm.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22079892

Citation

Forestell, Catherine A., et al. "To Eat or Not to Eat Red Meat. a Closer Look at the Relationship Between Restrained Eating and Vegetarianism in College Females." Appetite, vol. 58, no. 1, 2012, pp. 319-25.
Forestell CA, Spaeth AM, Kane SA. To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. Appetite. 2012;58(1):319-25.
Forestell, C. A., Spaeth, A. M., & Kane, S. A. (2012). To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. Appetite, 58(1), pp. 319-25. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2011.10.015.
Forestell CA, Spaeth AM, Kane SA. To Eat or Not to Eat Red Meat. a Closer Look at the Relationship Between Restrained Eating and Vegetarianism in College Females. Appetite. 2012;58(1):319-25. PubMed PMID: 22079892.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. AU - Forestell,Catherine A, AU - Spaeth,Andrea M, AU - Kane,Stephanie A, Y1 - 2011/11/02/ PY - 2011/06/30/received PY - 2011/10/26/revised PY - 2011/10/28/accepted PY - 2011/11/15/entrez PY - 2011/11/15/pubmed PY - 2012/5/18/medline SP - 319 EP - 25 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 58 IS - 1 N2 - Previous research has suggested that vegetarianism may serve as a mask for restrained eating. The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviors of vegetarians (n=55), pesco-vegetarians (n=28), semi-vegetarians (n=29), and flexitarians (n=37), to omnivores (n=91), who do not restrict animal products from their diets. A convenience sample of college-age females completed questionnaires about their eating habits, food choice motivations, and personality characteristics. Results indicated that while vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians were more open to new experiences and less food neophobic, they were not more restrained than omnivores. Rather semi-vegetarians; those who restricted only red meat from their diet, and flexitarians; those who occasionally eat red meat, were significantly more restrained than omnivores. Whereas food choices of semi-vegetarians and flexitarians were motivated by weight control, vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians' food choices were motivated by ethical concerns. By focusing specifically on semi-vegetarian and flexitarian subgroups, more effective approaches can be developed to ensure that their concerns about weight loss do not lead to unhealthful or disordered eating patterns. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22079892/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(11)00627-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -