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To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females.

Abstract

Previous research has suggested that vegetarianism may serve as a mask for restrained eating. The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviors of vegetarians (n=55), pesco-vegetarians (n=28), semi-vegetarians (n=29), and flexitarians (n=37), to omnivores (n=91), who do not restrict animal products from their diets. A convenience sample of college-age females completed questionnaires about their eating habits, food choice motivations, and personality characteristics. Results indicated that while vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians were more open to new experiences and less food neophobic, they were not more restrained than omnivores. Rather semi-vegetarians; those who restricted only red meat from their diet, and flexitarians; those who occasionally eat red meat, were significantly more restrained than omnivores. Whereas food choices of semi-vegetarians and flexitarians were motivated by weight control, vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians' food choices were motivated by ethical concerns. By focusing specifically on semi-vegetarian and flexitarian subgroups, more effective approaches can be developed to ensure that their concerns about weight loss do not lead to unhealthful or disordered eating patterns.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Psychology Department, The College of William & Mary, P.O. Box 8795, Williamsburg, VA 23185-8795, USA. caforestell@wm.edu

    ,

    Source

    Appetite 58:1 2012 Feb pg 319-25

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adolescent Behavior
    Animals
    Cattle
    Choice Behavior
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Diet, Vegetarian
    Eating
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Food Preferences
    Humans
    Life Style
    Meat
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Weight Loss
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22079892

    Citation

    Forestell, Catherine A., et al. "To Eat or Not to Eat Red Meat. a Closer Look at the Relationship Between Restrained Eating and Vegetarianism in College Females." Appetite, vol. 58, no. 1, 2012, pp. 319-25.
    Forestell CA, Spaeth AM, Kane SA. To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. Appetite. 2012;58(1):319-25.
    Forestell, C. A., Spaeth, A. M., & Kane, S. A. (2012). To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. Appetite, 58(1), pp. 319-25. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2011.10.015.
    Forestell CA, Spaeth AM, Kane SA. To Eat or Not to Eat Red Meat. a Closer Look at the Relationship Between Restrained Eating and Vegetarianism in College Females. Appetite. 2012;58(1):319-25. PubMed PMID: 22079892.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - To eat or not to eat red meat. A closer look at the relationship between restrained eating and vegetarianism in college females. AU - Forestell,Catherine A, AU - Spaeth,Andrea M, AU - Kane,Stephanie A, Y1 - 2011/11/02/ PY - 2011/06/30/received PY - 2011/10/26/revised PY - 2011/10/28/accepted PY - 2011/11/15/entrez PY - 2011/11/15/pubmed PY - 2012/5/18/medline SP - 319 EP - 25 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 58 IS - 1 N2 - Previous research has suggested that vegetarianism may serve as a mask for restrained eating. The purpose of this study was to compare the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviors of vegetarians (n=55), pesco-vegetarians (n=28), semi-vegetarians (n=29), and flexitarians (n=37), to omnivores (n=91), who do not restrict animal products from their diets. A convenience sample of college-age females completed questionnaires about their eating habits, food choice motivations, and personality characteristics. Results indicated that while vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians were more open to new experiences and less food neophobic, they were not more restrained than omnivores. Rather semi-vegetarians; those who restricted only red meat from their diet, and flexitarians; those who occasionally eat red meat, were significantly more restrained than omnivores. Whereas food choices of semi-vegetarians and flexitarians were motivated by weight control, vegetarians and pesco-vegetarians' food choices were motivated by ethical concerns. By focusing specifically on semi-vegetarian and flexitarian subgroups, more effective approaches can be developed to ensure that their concerns about weight loss do not lead to unhealthful or disordered eating patterns. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22079892/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(11)00627-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -