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Malnutrition in patients with acute stroke.
J Nutr Metab 2011; 2011:167898JN

Abstract

Stroke is a devastating event that carries a potential for long-term disability. Malnutrition is frequently observed in patients with stroke, and dysphagia contributes to malnutrition risk. During both the acute phase of stroke and rehabilitation, specific nutritional interventions in the context of a multidisciplinary team effort can enhance the recovery of neurocognitive function. Early identification and management of malnutrition with dietary modifications or specific therapeutic strategies to ensure adequate nutritional intake should receive more attention, since poor nutritional status appears to exacerbate brain damage and to contribute to adverse outcome. The main purpose of nutritional intervention should be the prevention or treatment of complications resulting from energy-protein deficit. This paper reviews the evaluation and management of malnutrition and the use of specialized nutrition support in patients with stroke. Emphasis is given to enteral tube and oral feeding and to strategies to wean from tube feeding.

Authors+Show Affiliations

First Propedeutic Department of Internal Medicine, Medical School, AHEPA Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54636 Thessaloniki, Greece.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22254136

Citation

Bouziana, Stella D., and Konstantinos Tziomalos. "Malnutrition in Patients With Acute Stroke." Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 2011, 2011, p. 167898.
Bouziana SD, Tziomalos K. Malnutrition in patients with acute stroke. J Nutr Metab. 2011;2011:167898.
Bouziana, S. D., & Tziomalos, K. (2011). Malnutrition in patients with acute stroke. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2011, p. 167898. doi:10.1155/2011/167898.
Bouziana SD, Tziomalos K. Malnutrition in Patients With Acute Stroke. J Nutr Metab. 2011;2011:167898. PubMed PMID: 22254136.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Malnutrition in patients with acute stroke. AU - Bouziana,Stella D, AU - Tziomalos,Konstantinos, Y1 - 2011/12/27/ PY - 2011/09/16/received PY - 2011/11/03/accepted PY - 2012/1/19/entrez PY - 2012/1/19/pubmed PY - 2012/1/19/medline SP - 167898 EP - 167898 JF - Journal of nutrition and metabolism JO - J Nutr Metab VL - 2011 N2 - Stroke is a devastating event that carries a potential for long-term disability. Malnutrition is frequently observed in patients with stroke, and dysphagia contributes to malnutrition risk. During both the acute phase of stroke and rehabilitation, specific nutritional interventions in the context of a multidisciplinary team effort can enhance the recovery of neurocognitive function. Early identification and management of malnutrition with dietary modifications or specific therapeutic strategies to ensure adequate nutritional intake should receive more attention, since poor nutritional status appears to exacerbate brain damage and to contribute to adverse outcome. The main purpose of nutritional intervention should be the prevention or treatment of complications resulting from energy-protein deficit. This paper reviews the evaluation and management of malnutrition and the use of specialized nutrition support in patients with stroke. Emphasis is given to enteral tube and oral feeding and to strategies to wean from tube feeding. SN - 2090-0732 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22254136/full_citation L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/167898 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -