Diet and nutritional aspects in systemic lupus erythematosus.
The authors reviewed the influence of nutritional factors on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and discussed an alternative treatment option. The autoimmunity and inflammatory process of SLE are related to the presence of dyslipidemia, obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, and metabolic syndrome, which should be properly considered to decrease cardiovascular risk. A diet with moderate protein and energy content, but rich in vitamins, minerals (especially antioxidants), and mono/polyunsaturated fatty acids can promote a beneficial protective effect against tissue damage and suppression of inflammatory activity, in addition to helping the treatment of those comorbidities. Diet therapy is a promising approach and some recommendations may offer a better quality of life to patients with SLE.
Ambulatório de Reumatologia Divisão de Nutrição e Dietética, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo.,
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't