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Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: use of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners.

Abstract

It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that consumers can safely enjoy a range of nutritive sweeteners and nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS) when consumed within an eating plan that is guided by current federal nutrition recommendations, such as the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Dietary Reference Intakes, as well as individual health goals and personal preference. A preference for sweet taste is innate and sweeteners can increase the pleasure of eating. Nutritive sweeteners contain carbohydrate and provide energy. They occur naturally in foods or may be added in food processing or by consumers before consumption. Higher intake of added sugars is associated with higher energy intake and lower diet quality, which can increase the risk for obesity, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. On average, adults in the United States consume 14.6% of energy from added sugars. Polyols (also referred to as sugar alcohols) add sweetness with less energy and may reduce risk for dental caries. Foods containing polyols and/or no added sugars can, within food labeling guidelines, be labeled as sugar-free. NNS are those that sweeten with minimal or no carbohydrate or energy. They are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration as food additives or generally recognized as safe. The Food and Drug Administration approval process includes determination of probable intake, cumulative effect from all uses, and toxicology studies in animals. Seven NNS are approved for use in the United States: acesulfame K, aspartame, luo han guo fruit extract, neotame, saccharin, stevia, and sucralose. They have different functional properties that may affect perceived taste or use in different food applications. All NNS approved for use in the United States are determined to be safe.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Child
    Diet
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Sucrose
    Food Labeling
    Food Preferences
    Guidelines as Topic
    Health Promotion
    Humans
    Legislation, Food
    Nutrition Policy
    Sugar Alcohols
    Sweetening Agents
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Guideline
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22709780

    Citation

    Fitch, Cindy, et al. "Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweeteners." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 112, no. 5, 2012, pp. 739-58.
    Fitch C, Keim KS, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: use of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):739-58.
    Fitch, C., & Keim, K. S. (2012). Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: use of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112(5), pp. 739-58. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2012.03.009.
    Fitch C, Keim KS, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweeteners. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112(5):739-58. PubMed PMID: 22709780.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: use of nutritive and nonnutritive sweeteners. AU - Fitch,Cindy, AU - Keim,Kathryn S, AU - ,, Y1 - 2012/04/25/ PY - 2012/03/05/received PY - 2012/6/20/entrez PY - 2012/6/20/pubmed PY - 2012/8/28/medline SP - 739 EP - 58 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 112 IS - 5 N2 - It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that consumers can safely enjoy a range of nutritive sweeteners and nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS) when consumed within an eating plan that is guided by current federal nutrition recommendations, such as the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Dietary Reference Intakes, as well as individual health goals and personal preference. A preference for sweet taste is innate and sweeteners can increase the pleasure of eating. Nutritive sweeteners contain carbohydrate and provide energy. They occur naturally in foods or may be added in food processing or by consumers before consumption. Higher intake of added sugars is associated with higher energy intake and lower diet quality, which can increase the risk for obesity, prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. On average, adults in the United States consume 14.6% of energy from added sugars. Polyols (also referred to as sugar alcohols) add sweetness with less energy and may reduce risk for dental caries. Foods containing polyols and/or no added sugars can, within food labeling guidelines, be labeled as sugar-free. NNS are those that sweeten with minimal or no carbohydrate or energy. They are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration as food additives or generally recognized as safe. The Food and Drug Administration approval process includes determination of probable intake, cumulative effect from all uses, and toxicology studies in animals. Seven NNS are approved for use in the United States: acesulfame K, aspartame, luo han guo fruit extract, neotame, saccharin, stevia, and sucralose. They have different functional properties that may affect perceived taste or use in different food applications. All NNS approved for use in the United States are determined to be safe. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/22709780/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(12)00325-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -