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Vitamin D, calcium, and atherosclerotic risk: evidence from serum levels and supplementation studies.
Curr Atheroscler Rep 2013; 15(1):293CA

Abstract

Vitamin D and calcium have traditionally been viewed in relation to bone health. However, recent research has suggested relations between these nutrients and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Specifically, evidence from both observational studies and clinical trials suggests that vitamin D may be related to lower risk of CVD. The picture for calcium is more complex. Dietary intake of calcium may be associated with lower CVD risk, while calcium supplementation may elevate CVD risk. In this review, we summarize evidence of these relations, and comment on the recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations regarding use of vitamin D and calcium supplements.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23232985

Citation

Lutsey, Pamela L., and Erin D. Michos. "Vitamin D, Calcium, and Atherosclerotic Risk: Evidence From Serum Levels and Supplementation Studies." Current Atherosclerosis Reports, vol. 15, no. 1, 2013, p. 293.
Lutsey PL, Michos ED. Vitamin D, calcium, and atherosclerotic risk: evidence from serum levels and supplementation studies. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2013;15(1):293.
Lutsey, P. L., & Michos, E. D. (2013). Vitamin D, calcium, and atherosclerotic risk: evidence from serum levels and supplementation studies. Current Atherosclerosis Reports, 15(1), p. 293. doi:10.1007/s11883-012-0293-5.
Lutsey PL, Michos ED. Vitamin D, Calcium, and Atherosclerotic Risk: Evidence From Serum Levels and Supplementation Studies. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2013;15(1):293. PubMed PMID: 23232985.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin D, calcium, and atherosclerotic risk: evidence from serum levels and supplementation studies. AU - Lutsey,Pamela L, AU - Michos,Erin D, PY - 2012/12/13/entrez PY - 2012/12/13/pubmed PY - 2013/5/23/medline SP - 293 EP - 293 JF - Current atherosclerosis reports JO - Curr Atheroscler Rep VL - 15 IS - 1 N2 - Vitamin D and calcium have traditionally been viewed in relation to bone health. However, recent research has suggested relations between these nutrients and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Specifically, evidence from both observational studies and clinical trials suggests that vitamin D may be related to lower risk of CVD. The picture for calcium is more complex. Dietary intake of calcium may be associated with lower CVD risk, while calcium supplementation may elevate CVD risk. In this review, we summarize evidence of these relations, and comment on the recent Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations regarding use of vitamin D and calcium supplements. SN - 1534-6242 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23232985/full_citation L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11883-012-0293-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -