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Meat, dairy, and cancer.

Abstract

In 2007 the World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) report judged that the evidence for an association between red and processed meat consumption and colorectal cancer was convincing. In addition, the effect of other animal products on cancer risk has been studied, and the WCRF/AICR report concluded that milk probably decreases the risk of colorectal cancer but diets high in calcium probably increase the risk of prostate cancer, whereas there was limited evidence for an association between milk and bladder cancer and insufficient evidence for other cancers. There are several potential mechanisms relating meat to cancer, including heterocyclic amines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, N-nitroso compounds, and heme iron. Although the evidence in favor of a link between red and processed meat and colorectal cancer is convincing, the relations with other cancers are unclear. In this review, we summarize cohort studies conducted by the National Cancer Institute on meat and dairy intake in relation to cancer since the 2007 WCRF/AICR report. We also report the findings of meta-analyses published since 2007.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    From the Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD.

    ,

    From the Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD.

    From the Nutritional Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD.

    Source

    The American journal of clinical nutrition 100 Suppl 1: 2014 Jul pg 386S-93S

    MeSH

    Animals
    Calcium, Dietary
    Colorectal Neoplasms
    Diet
    Feeding Behavior
    Humans
    Male
    Meat
    Milk
    Prostatic Neoplasms
    Urinary Bladder Neoplasms

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24847855

    Citation

    Abid, Zaynah, et al. "Meat, Dairy, and Cancer." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 100 Suppl 1, 2014, 386S-93S.
    Abid Z, Cross AJ, Sinha R. Meat, dairy, and cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100 Suppl 1:386S-93S.
    Abid, Z., Cross, A. J., & Sinha, R. (2014). Meat, dairy, and cancer. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 100 Suppl 1, 386S-93S. doi:10.3945/ajcn.113.071597.
    Abid Z, Cross AJ, Sinha R. Meat, Dairy, and Cancer. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014;100 Suppl 1:386S-93S. PubMed PMID: 24847855.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Meat, dairy, and cancer. AU - Abid,Zaynah, AU - Cross,Amanda J, AU - Sinha,Rashmi, Y1 - 2014/05/21/ PY - 2014/5/23/entrez PY - 2014/5/23/pubmed PY - 2015/5/2/medline SP - 386S EP - 93S JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 100 Suppl 1 N2 - In 2007 the World Cancer Research Fund and American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) report judged that the evidence for an association between red and processed meat consumption and colorectal cancer was convincing. In addition, the effect of other animal products on cancer risk has been studied, and the WCRF/AICR report concluded that milk probably decreases the risk of colorectal cancer but diets high in calcium probably increase the risk of prostate cancer, whereas there was limited evidence for an association between milk and bladder cancer and insufficient evidence for other cancers. There are several potential mechanisms relating meat to cancer, including heterocyclic amines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, N-nitroso compounds, and heme iron. Although the evidence in favor of a link between red and processed meat and colorectal cancer is convincing, the relations with other cancers are unclear. In this review, we summarize cohort studies conducted by the National Cancer Institute on meat and dairy intake in relation to cancer since the 2007 WCRF/AICR report. We also report the findings of meta-analyses published since 2007. SN - 1938-3207 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24847855/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.3945/ajcn.113.071597 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -