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Beyond meatless, the health effects of vegan diets: findings from the Adventist cohorts.
Nutrients 2014; 6(6):2131-47N

Abstract

Vegetarians, those who avoid meat, and vegans, additionally avoiding dairy and eggs, represent 5% and 2%, respectively, of the US population. The aim of this review is to assess the effects of vegetarian diets, particularly strict vegetarian diets (i.e., vegans) on health and disease outcomes. We summarized available evidence from three prospective cohorts of Adventists in North America: Adventist Mortality Study, Adventist Health Study, and Adventist Health Study-2. Non-vegetarian diets were compared to vegetarian dietary patterns (i.e., vegan and lacto-ovo-vegetarian) on selected health outcomes. Vegetarian diets confer protection against cardiovascular diseases, cardiometabolic risk factors, some cancers and total mortality. Compared to lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets, vegan diets seem to offer additional protection for obesity, hypertension, type-2 diabetes, and cardiovascular mortality. Males experience greater health benefits than females. Limited prospective data is available on vegetarian diets and body weight change. Large randomized intervention trials on the effects of vegetarian diet patterns on neurological and cognitive functions, obesity, diabetes, and other cardiovascular outcomes are warranted to make meaningful recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA. ltle@llu.edu.Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, CA 92350, USA. jsabate@llu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24871675

Citation

Le, Lap Tai, and Joan Sabaté. "Beyond Meatless, the Health Effects of Vegan Diets: Findings From the Adventist Cohorts." Nutrients, vol. 6, no. 6, 2014, pp. 2131-47.
Le LT, Sabaté J. Beyond meatless, the health effects of vegan diets: findings from the Adventist cohorts. Nutrients. 2014;6(6):2131-47.
Le, L. T., & Sabaté, J. (2014). Beyond meatless, the health effects of vegan diets: findings from the Adventist cohorts. Nutrients, 6(6), pp. 2131-47. doi:10.3390/nu6062131.
Le LT, Sabaté J. Beyond Meatless, the Health Effects of Vegan Diets: Findings From the Adventist Cohorts. Nutrients. 2014 May 27;6(6):2131-47. PubMed PMID: 24871675.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Beyond meatless, the health effects of vegan diets: findings from the Adventist cohorts. AU - Le,Lap Tai, AU - Sabaté,Joan, Y1 - 2014/05/27/ PY - 2014/04/03/received PY - 2014/05/17/revised PY - 2014/05/20/accepted PY - 2014/5/30/entrez PY - 2014/5/30/pubmed PY - 2015/1/22/medline SP - 2131 EP - 47 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 6 IS - 6 N2 - Vegetarians, those who avoid meat, and vegans, additionally avoiding dairy and eggs, represent 5% and 2%, respectively, of the US population. The aim of this review is to assess the effects of vegetarian diets, particularly strict vegetarian diets (i.e., vegans) on health and disease outcomes. We summarized available evidence from three prospective cohorts of Adventists in North America: Adventist Mortality Study, Adventist Health Study, and Adventist Health Study-2. Non-vegetarian diets were compared to vegetarian dietary patterns (i.e., vegan and lacto-ovo-vegetarian) on selected health outcomes. Vegetarian diets confer protection against cardiovascular diseases, cardiometabolic risk factors, some cancers and total mortality. Compared to lacto-ovo-vegetarian diets, vegan diets seem to offer additional protection for obesity, hypertension, type-2 diabetes, and cardiovascular mortality. Males experience greater health benefits than females. Limited prospective data is available on vegetarian diets and body weight change. Large randomized intervention trials on the effects of vegetarian diet patterns on neurological and cognitive functions, obesity, diabetes, and other cardiovascular outcomes are warranted to make meaningful recommendations. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24871675/full_citation L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu6062131 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -