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C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention.

Abstract

This brief lifestyle intervention, including a vegan diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and various legumes, nuts and seeds, significantly improved health risk factors and reduced systemic inflammation as measured by circulating CRP. The degree of improvement was associated with baseline CRP such that higher levels predicted greater decreases. The interaction between gender and baseline CRP was significant and showed that males with higher baseline CRP levels appeared to have a more robust decrease in CRP due to the intervention than did their female counterparts. It is likely that the vegetable and high fiber content of a vegan diet reduces CRP in the presences of obesity. Neither the quantity of exercise nor the length of stay was significant predictors of CRP reduction. Additionally, those participants who had a vegan diet prior to the intervention had the lowest CRP risk coming into the program. Direct measure of body fat composition, estrogen and other inflammatory mediators such as IL-6 and TNF-alpha would enhance current understanding of the specific mechanisms of CRP reduction related to lifestyle interventions.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Northern Arizona University, College of Health & Human Services, PO Box 15095, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, United States. Electronic address: jay.sutliffe@nau.edu.

    ,

    Northern Arizona University, College of Health & Human Services, PO Box 15095, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, United States.

    ,

    Northern Arizona University, College of Health & Human Services, PO Box 15095, Flagstaff, AZ 86011, United States.

    ,

    Black Hills Health & Education Center, PO Box 19, Hermosa, SD 57744, United States.

    Chadron State College, 1000 Main Street, Chadron, NE 69337, United States.

    Source

    MeSH

    C-Reactive Protein
    Diet, Vegetarian
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Humans
    Life Style
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25637150

    Citation

    Sutliffe, Jay T., et al. "C-reactive Protein Response to a Vegan Lifestyle Intervention." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 23, no. 1, 2015, pp. 32-7.
    Sutliffe JT, Wilson LD, de Heer HD, et al. C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention. Complement Ther Med. 2015;23(1):32-7.
    Sutliffe, J. T., Wilson, L. D., de Heer, H. D., Foster, R. L., & Carnot, M. J. (2015). C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 23(1), pp. 32-7. doi:10.1016/j.ctim.2014.11.001.
    Sutliffe JT, et al. C-reactive Protein Response to a Vegan Lifestyle Intervention. Complement Ther Med. 2015;23(1):32-7. PubMed PMID: 25637150.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention. AU - Sutliffe,Jay T, AU - Wilson,Lori D, AU - de Heer,Hendrik D, AU - Foster,Ray L, AU - Carnot,Mary Jo, Y1 - 2014/12/03/ PY - 2014/01/28/received PY - 2014/10/10/revised PY - 2014/11/26/accepted PY - 2015/2/1/entrez PY - 2015/2/1/pubmed PY - 2015/9/19/medline KW - CRP KW - Inflammation KW - Lifestyle intervention KW - Vegan diet SP - 32 EP - 7 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 23 IS - 1 N2 - This brief lifestyle intervention, including a vegan diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and various legumes, nuts and seeds, significantly improved health risk factors and reduced systemic inflammation as measured by circulating CRP. The degree of improvement was associated with baseline CRP such that higher levels predicted greater decreases. The interaction between gender and baseline CRP was significant and showed that males with higher baseline CRP levels appeared to have a more robust decrease in CRP due to the intervention than did their female counterparts. It is likely that the vegetable and high fiber content of a vegan diet reduces CRP in the presences of obesity. Neither the quantity of exercise nor the length of stay was significant predictors of CRP reduction. Additionally, those participants who had a vegan diet prior to the intervention had the lowest CRP risk coming into the program. Direct measure of body fat composition, estrogen and other inflammatory mediators such as IL-6 and TNF-alpha would enhance current understanding of the specific mechanisms of CRP reduction related to lifestyle interventions. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25637150/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(14)00183-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -