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A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers on Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study evaluated the effect of vege-powder (VP), mainly consisted of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, on bowel habit improvement and constipation alleviation.

METHODS

Using the Roman standard II, 96 male and female subjects in their twenties with constipation symptoms were divided into a control group or VP group. Subjects in a control group were supplied with rice flakes-powder (RFP) and subjects in the VP group were provided with 30 g of VP twice daily for 4 weeks. Constipation relief effectiveness was surveyed on 5-point Likert scales depending on stool hardness, amount of stool, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 0, 14, and 28 of RFP or VP intake.

RESULTS

Repeated measures analysis of variance analysis revealed that VP intake caused significant temporal changes in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate. In addition, significant differences between control and VP groups were found in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 14 and 28 of experimental diet consumption. VP supplement for 2 weeks significantly increased the evacuation frequency (1.04 ± 0.71), compared to control group (0.41 ± 0.64) and this increase was maintained at 4 week of diet supplements.

CONCLUSIONS

This result showed that constipated subjects who consumed VP, mainly consisting of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, improved constipation symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks of consumption compared to those of control group who were provided with RFP.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

    ,

    Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

    ,

    Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

    ,

    Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

    ,

    Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

    Laboratory of Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

    Source

    Journal of cancer prevention 20:1 2015 Mar pg 64-9

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25853105

    Citation

    Woo, Hye-Im, et al. "A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers On Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults." Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 20, no. 1, 2015, pp. 64-9.
    Woo HI, Kwak SH, Lee Y, et al. A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers on Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults. J Cancer Prev. 2015;20(1):64-9.
    Woo, H. I., Kwak, S. H., Lee, Y., Choi, J. H., Cho, Y. M., & Om, A. S. (2015). A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers on Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults. Journal of Cancer Prevention, 20(1), pp. 64-9. doi:10.15430/JCP.2015.20.1.64.
    Woo HI, et al. A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers On Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults. J Cancer Prev. 2015;20(1):64-9. PubMed PMID: 25853105.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - A Controlled, Randomized, Double-blind Trial to Evaluate the Effect of Vegetables and Whole Grain Powder That Is Rich in Dietary Fibers on Bowel Functions and Defecation in Constipated Young Adults. AU - Woo,Hye-Im, AU - Kwak,Shin Hye, AU - Lee,Yeojin, AU - Choi,Ji Hee, AU - Cho,Young Mi, AU - Om,Ae-Son, PY - 2015/01/29/received PY - 2015/03/24/revised PY - 2015/03/24/accepted PY - 2015/4/9/entrez PY - 2015/4/9/pubmed PY - 2015/4/9/medline KW - Constipation KW - Defecation KW - Dietary fiber KW - Vegetable powder KW - Whole grain SP - 64 EP - 9 JF - Journal of cancer prevention JO - J Cancer Prev VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of vege-powder (VP), mainly consisted of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, on bowel habit improvement and constipation alleviation. METHODS: Using the Roman standard II, 96 male and female subjects in their twenties with constipation symptoms were divided into a control group or VP group. Subjects in a control group were supplied with rice flakes-powder (RFP) and subjects in the VP group were provided with 30 g of VP twice daily for 4 weeks. Constipation relief effectiveness was surveyed on 5-point Likert scales depending on stool hardness, amount of stool, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 0, 14, and 28 of RFP or VP intake. RESULTS: Repeated measures analysis of variance analysis revealed that VP intake caused significant temporal changes in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate. In addition, significant differences between control and VP groups were found in stool hardness, amount, sensation of incomplete evacuation, and straining to defecate at day 14 and 28 of experimental diet consumption. VP supplement for 2 weeks significantly increased the evacuation frequency (1.04 ± 0.71), compared to control group (0.41 ± 0.64) and this increase was maintained at 4 week of diet supplements. CONCLUSIONS: This result showed that constipated subjects who consumed VP, mainly consisting of chicory, broccoli, and whole grains, improved constipation symptoms at 2 and 4 weeks of consumption compared to those of control group who were provided with RFP. SN - 2288-3649 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25853105/full_citation L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/25853105/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -