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Oily fish, coffee and walnuts: Dietary treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Abstract

Rates of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are increasing worldwide in tandem with the metabolic syndrome, with the progressive form of disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) likely to become the most common cause of end stage liver disease in the not too distant future. Lifestyle modification and weight loss remain the main focus of management in NAFLD and NASH, however, there has been growing interest in the benefit of specific foods and dietary components on disease progression, with some foods showing protective properties. This article provides an overview of the foods that show the most promise and their potential benefits in NAFLD/NASH, specifically; oily fish/ fish oil, coffee, nuts, tea, red wine, avocado and olive oil. Furthermore, it summarises results from animal and human trials and highlights potential areas for future research.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Vikas Gupta, Xian-Jun Mah, Maria Carmela Garcia, Christina Antonypillai, David van der Poorten, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Division of Medicine, University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, NSW 2145, Australia.

    ,

    Vikas Gupta, Xian-Jun Mah, Maria Carmela Garcia, Christina Antonypillai, David van der Poorten, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Division of Medicine, University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, NSW 2145, Australia.

    ,

    Vikas Gupta, Xian-Jun Mah, Maria Carmela Garcia, Christina Antonypillai, David van der Poorten, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Division of Medicine, University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, NSW 2145, Australia.

    ,

    Vikas Gupta, Xian-Jun Mah, Maria Carmela Garcia, Christina Antonypillai, David van der Poorten, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Division of Medicine, University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, NSW 2145, Australia.

    Vikas Gupta, Xian-Jun Mah, Maria Carmela Garcia, Christina Antonypillai, David van der Poorten, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Division of Medicine, University of Sydney at Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, NSW 2145, Australia.

    Source

    World journal of gastroenterology 21:37 2015 Oct 07 pg 10621-35

    MeSH

    Animals
    Coffee
    Diet
    Disease Progression
    End Stage Liver Disease
    Fish Oils
    Fishes
    Humans
    Life Style
    Metabolic Syndrome
    Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
    Nuts
    Olive Oil
    Persea
    Risk
    Tea
    Wine

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26457022

    Citation

    Gupta, Vikas, et al. "Oily Fish, Coffee and Walnuts: Dietary Treatment for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease." World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 21, no. 37, 2015, pp. 10621-35.
    Gupta V, Mah XJ, Garcia MC, et al. Oily fish, coffee and walnuts: Dietary treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2015;21(37):10621-35.
    Gupta, V., Mah, X. J., Garcia, M. C., Antonypillai, C., & van der Poorten, D. (2015). Oily fish, coffee and walnuts: Dietary treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 21(37), pp. 10621-35. doi:10.3748/wjg.v21.i37.10621.
    Gupta V, et al. Oily Fish, Coffee and Walnuts: Dietary Treatment for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2015 Oct 7;21(37):10621-35. PubMed PMID: 26457022.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Oily fish, coffee and walnuts: Dietary treatment for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. AU - Gupta,Vikas, AU - Mah,Xian-Jun, AU - Garcia,Maria Carmela, AU - Antonypillai,Christina, AU - van der Poorten,David, PY - 2015/04/28/received PY - 2015/06/28/revised PY - 2015/08/31/accepted PY - 2015/10/13/entrez PY - 2015/10/13/pubmed PY - 2016/5/25/medline KW - Coffee KW - Diet KW - Fish KW - Fish oils KW - Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease KW - Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis KW - Nuts KW - Olive oil KW - Red wine KW - Tea KW - Walnuts SP - 10621 EP - 35 JF - World journal of gastroenterology JO - World J. Gastroenterol. VL - 21 IS - 37 N2 - Rates of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are increasing worldwide in tandem with the metabolic syndrome, with the progressive form of disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) likely to become the most common cause of end stage liver disease in the not too distant future. Lifestyle modification and weight loss remain the main focus of management in NAFLD and NASH, however, there has been growing interest in the benefit of specific foods and dietary components on disease progression, with some foods showing protective properties. This article provides an overview of the foods that show the most promise and their potential benefits in NAFLD/NASH, specifically; oily fish/ fish oil, coffee, nuts, tea, red wine, avocado and olive oil. Furthermore, it summarises results from animal and human trials and highlights potential areas for future research. SN - 2219-2840 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26457022/full_citation L2 - http://www.wjgnet.com/1007-9327/full/v21/i37/10621.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -