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Coconut oil consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans.

Abstract

Coconut oil is being heavily promoted as a healthy oil, with benefits that include support of heart health. To assess the merits of this claim, the literature on the effect of coconut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in humans was reviewed. Twenty-one research papers were identified for inclusion in the review: 8 clinical trials and 13 observational studies. The majority examined the effect of coconut oil or coconut products on serum lipid profiles. Coconut oil generally raised total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a greater extent than cis unsaturated plant oils, but to a lesser extent than butter. The effect of coconut consumption on the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was often not examined. Observational evidence suggests that consumption of coconut flesh or squeezed coconut in the context of traditional dietary patterns does not lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, due to large differences in dietary and lifestyle patterns, these findings cannot be applied to a typical Western diet. Overall, the weight of the evidence from intervention studies to date suggests that replacing coconut oil with cis unsaturated fats would alter blood lipid profiles in a manner consistent with a reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

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    ,

    L. Eyres is with the NZIC Oils and Fats Specialist Group, New Zealand Institute of Chemistry, Auckland, New Zealand. M. Eyres is with ECG Ltd, Point Wells, Auckland, New Zealand. A. Chisholm and R. Brown are with the Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. eyresy@gmail.com.

    ,

    L. Eyres is with the NZIC Oils and Fats Specialist Group, New Zealand Institute of Chemistry, Auckland, New Zealand. M. Eyres is with ECG Ltd, Point Wells, Auckland, New Zealand. A. Chisholm and R. Brown are with the Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

    ,

    L. Eyres is with the NZIC Oils and Fats Specialist Group, New Zealand Institute of Chemistry, Auckland, New Zealand. M. Eyres is with ECG Ltd, Point Wells, Auckland, New Zealand. A. Chisholm and R. Brown are with the Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

    L. Eyres is with the NZIC Oils and Fats Specialist Group, New Zealand Institute of Chemistry, Auckland, New Zealand. M. Eyres is with ECG Ltd, Point Wells, Auckland, New Zealand. A. Chisholm and R. Brown are with the Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

    Source

    Nutrition reviews 74:4 2016 Apr pg 267-80

    MeSH

    Cardiovascular Diseases
    Cholesterol
    Cholesterol, HDL
    Cholesterol, LDL
    Coconut Oil
    Cocos
    Diet
    Dietary Fats
    Humans
    Plant Oils

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    26946252

    Citation

    Eyres, Laurence, et al. "Coconut Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Humans." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 74, no. 4, 2016, pp. 267-80.
    Eyres L, Eyres MF, Chisholm A, et al. Coconut oil consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans. Nutr Rev. 2016;74(4):267-80.
    Eyres, L., Eyres, M. F., Chisholm, A., & Brown, R. C. (2016). Coconut oil consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans. Nutrition Reviews, 74(4), pp. 267-80. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuw002.
    Eyres L, et al. Coconut Oil Consumption and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Humans. Nutr Rev. 2016;74(4):267-80. PubMed PMID: 26946252.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Coconut oil consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans. AU - Eyres,Laurence, AU - Eyres,Michael F, AU - Chisholm,Alexandra, AU - Brown,Rachel C, Y1 - 2016/03/05/ PY - 2016/3/7/entrez PY - 2016/3/8/pubmed PY - 2016/10/26/medline KW - cardiovascular disease KW - cholesterol KW - coconut KW - lauric acid KW - medium-chain triglycerides SP - 267 EP - 80 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr. Rev. VL - 74 IS - 4 N2 - Coconut oil is being heavily promoted as a healthy oil, with benefits that include support of heart health. To assess the merits of this claim, the literature on the effect of coconut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in humans was reviewed. Twenty-one research papers were identified for inclusion in the review: 8 clinical trials and 13 observational studies. The majority examined the effect of coconut oil or coconut products on serum lipid profiles. Coconut oil generally raised total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a greater extent than cis unsaturated plant oils, but to a lesser extent than butter. The effect of coconut consumption on the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was often not examined. Observational evidence suggests that consumption of coconut flesh or squeezed coconut in the context of traditional dietary patterns does not lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, due to large differences in dietary and lifestyle patterns, these findings cannot be applied to a typical Western diet. Overall, the weight of the evidence from intervention studies to date suggests that replacing coconut oil with cis unsaturated fats would alter blood lipid profiles in a manner consistent with a reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular disease. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/26946252/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/nutrit/nuw002 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -