The prevalence of celiac disease in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and its subtypes.Prz Gastroenterol 2016; 11(4):276-281PG
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and celiac disease (CD) share some gastrointestinal symptoms. Celiac disease should be considered in a differential diagnosis of IBS.
To estimate the prevalence of predispositions to CD in patients with IBS and its subtypes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The study included 48 patients (40 women, 8 men; average age: 41.1 ±14.6 years) with IBS, and a control group: 20 healthy volunteers. All participants completed a questionnaire on their current gastrointestinal symptoms and had a blood sample taken to determine the HLA-DQ2/DQ8 antigens and serum concentration of anti-tTG IgA and anti-DGP IgA and IgG.
The presence of HLA-DQ2 or DQ8 was found in 50% of patients (n = 24) with IBS. In the control group the presence of HLA-DQ2 was found in 4 (20%) patients and nobody had HLA-DQ8. Increased levels of anti-tTG IgA were found in 5 (10.42%) patients with IBS, anti-DGP in 4 (8.33%), and anti-DGP IgG in 3 (6.25%). In the control group positive test result for anti-tTG was found in 2 (10%) patients; nobody had elevated anti-DGP IgA or IgG. A concomitant positive result of genetic testing and any elevated serum antibodies specific to CD was found in 12.5% of IBS patients (n = 6) and in none of the control group.
Patients with IBS, regardless of the subtype, significantly more often than healthy controls have the predisposing genetic factors (HLA-DQ2/DQ8) underlying the development of CD.