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Bariatric surgery and long-term nutritional issues.
World J Diabetes. 2017 Nov 15; 8(11):464-474.WJ

Abstract

Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option. All bariatric procedures, to variable degrees, alter the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract; this alteration makes these patients more susceptible to developing nutritional complications, namely, deficiencies of macro- and micro-nutrients, which could lead to disabling diseases such as anemia, osteoporosis, protein malnutrition. Of note is the evidence that most obese patients present a number of nutritional deficits already prior to surgery, the most important being vitamin D and iron deficiencies. This finding prompts the need for a complete nutritional assessment and, eventually, an adequate correction of pre-existing deficits before surgery. Another critical issue that follows bariatric surgery is post-operative weight regain, which is commonly associated with the relapse of obesity-related co-morbidities. Nu-tritional complications associated with bariatric surgery can be prevented by life-long nutritional monitoring with the administration of multi-vitamins and mineral supplements according to the patient's needs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Public Health, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy.Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29204255

Citation

Lupoli, Roberta, et al. "Bariatric Surgery and Long-term Nutritional Issues." World Journal of Diabetes, vol. 8, no. 11, 2017, pp. 464-474.
Lupoli R, Lembo E, Saldalamacchia G, et al. Bariatric surgery and long-term nutritional issues. World J Diabetes. 2017;8(11):464-474.
Lupoli, R., Lembo, E., Saldalamacchia, G., Avola, C. K., Angrisani, L., & Capaldo, B. (2017). Bariatric surgery and long-term nutritional issues. World Journal of Diabetes, 8(11), 464-474. https://doi.org/10.4239/wjd.v8.i11.464
Lupoli R, et al. Bariatric Surgery and Long-term Nutritional Issues. World J Diabetes. 2017 Nov 15;8(11):464-474. PubMed PMID: 29204255.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bariatric surgery and long-term nutritional issues. AU - Lupoli,Roberta, AU - Lembo,Erminia, AU - Saldalamacchia,Gennaro, AU - Avola,Claudia Kesia, AU - Angrisani,Luigi, AU - Capaldo,Brunella, PY - 2017/06/09/received PY - 2017/08/11/revised PY - 2017/09/04/accepted PY - 2017/12/6/entrez PY - 2017/12/6/pubmed PY - 2017/12/6/medline KW - Bariatric surgery KW - Nutrient deficiency KW - Pre-operative deficit KW - Roux-en-Y gastric bypass KW - Sleeve gastrectomy KW - Weight regain SP - 464 EP - 474 JF - World journal of diabetes JO - World J Diabetes VL - 8 IS - 11 N2 - Bariatric surgery is recognized as a highly effective therapy for obesity since it accomplishes sustained weight loss, reduction of obesity-related comorbidities and mortality, and improvement of quality of life. Overall, bariatric surgery is associated with a 42% reduction of the cardiovascular risk and 30% reduction of all-cause mortality. This review focuses on some nutritional consequences that can occur in bariatric patients that could potentially hinder the clinical benefits of this therapeutic option. All bariatric procedures, to variable degrees, alter the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal tract; this alteration makes these patients more susceptible to developing nutritional complications, namely, deficiencies of macro- and micro-nutrients, which could lead to disabling diseases such as anemia, osteoporosis, protein malnutrition. Of note is the evidence that most obese patients present a number of nutritional deficits already prior to surgery, the most important being vitamin D and iron deficiencies. This finding prompts the need for a complete nutritional assessment and, eventually, an adequate correction of pre-existing deficits before surgery. Another critical issue that follows bariatric surgery is post-operative weight regain, which is commonly associated with the relapse of obesity-related co-morbidities. Nu-tritional complications associated with bariatric surgery can be prevented by life-long nutritional monitoring with the administration of multi-vitamins and mineral supplements according to the patient's needs. SN - 1948-9358 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29204255/full_citation L2 - https://www.wjgnet.com/1948-9358/full/v8/i11/464.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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