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Mediterranean diet and 3-year Alzheimer brain biomarker changes in middle-aged adults.
Neurology. 2018 05 15; 90(20):e1789-e1798.Neur

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine in a 3-year brain imaging study the effects of higher vs lower adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet (MeDi) on Alzheimer disease (AD) biomarker changes (brain β-amyloid load via 11C-Pittsburgh compound B [PiB] PET and neurodegeneration via 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG] PET and structural MRI) in midlife.

METHODS

Seventy 30- to 60-year-old cognitively normal participants with clinical, neuropsychological, and dietary examinations and imaging biomarkers at least 2 years apart were examined. These included 34 participants with higher (MeDi+) and 36 with lower (MeDi-) MeDi adherence. Statistical parametric mapping and volumes of interest were used to compare AD biomarkers between groups at cross section and longitudinally.

RESULTS

MeDi groups were comparable for clinical and neuropsychological measures. At baseline, compared to the MeDi+ group, the MeDi- group showed reduced FDG-PET glucose metabolism (CMRglc) and higher PiB-PET deposition in AD-affected regions (p < 0.001). Longitudinally, the MeDi--group showed CMRglc declines and PiB increases in these regions, which were greater than those in the MeDi+ group (pinteraction < 0.001). No effects were observed on MRI. Higher MeDi adherence was estimated to provide 1.5 to 3.5 years of protection against AD.

CONCLUSION

Lower MeDi adherence was associated with progressive AD biomarker abnormalities in middle-aged adults. These data support further investigation of dietary interventions for protection against brain aging and AD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY. lim2035@med.cornell.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29653991

Citation

Berti, Valentina, et al. "Mediterranean Diet and 3-year Alzheimer Brain Biomarker Changes in Middle-aged Adults." Neurology, vol. 90, no. 20, 2018, pp. e1789-e1798.
Berti V, Walters M, Sterling J, et al. Mediterranean diet and 3-year Alzheimer brain biomarker changes in middle-aged adults. Neurology. 2018;90(20):e1789-e1798.
Berti, V., Walters, M., Sterling, J., Quinn, C. G., Logue, M., Andrews, R., Matthews, D. C., Osorio, R. S., Pupi, A., Vallabhajosula, S., Isaacson, R. S., de Leon, M. J., & Mosconi, L. (2018). Mediterranean diet and 3-year Alzheimer brain biomarker changes in middle-aged adults. Neurology, 90(20), e1789-e1798. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000005527
Berti V, et al. Mediterranean Diet and 3-year Alzheimer Brain Biomarker Changes in Middle-aged Adults. Neurology. 2018 05 15;90(20):e1789-e1798. PubMed PMID: 29653991.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mediterranean diet and 3-year Alzheimer brain biomarker changes in middle-aged adults. AU - Berti,Valentina, AU - Walters,Michelle, AU - Sterling,Joanna, AU - Quinn,Crystal G, AU - Logue,Michelle, AU - Andrews,Randolph, AU - Matthews,Dawn C, AU - Osorio,Ricardo S, AU - Pupi,Alberto, AU - Vallabhajosula,Shankar, AU - Isaacson,Richard S, AU - de Leon,Mony J, AU - Mosconi,Lisa, Y1 - 2018/04/13/ PY - 2017/10/10/received PY - 2018/02/26/accepted PY - 2018/4/15/pubmed PY - 2019/8/8/medline PY - 2018/4/15/entrez SP - e1789 EP - e1798 JF - Neurology JO - Neurology VL - 90 IS - 20 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine in a 3-year brain imaging study the effects of higher vs lower adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet (MeDi) on Alzheimer disease (AD) biomarker changes (brain β-amyloid load via 11C-Pittsburgh compound B [PiB] PET and neurodegeneration via 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG] PET and structural MRI) in midlife. METHODS: Seventy 30- to 60-year-old cognitively normal participants with clinical, neuropsychological, and dietary examinations and imaging biomarkers at least 2 years apart were examined. These included 34 participants with higher (MeDi+) and 36 with lower (MeDi-) MeDi adherence. Statistical parametric mapping and volumes of interest were used to compare AD biomarkers between groups at cross section and longitudinally. RESULTS: MeDi groups were comparable for clinical and neuropsychological measures. At baseline, compared to the MeDi+ group, the MeDi- group showed reduced FDG-PET glucose metabolism (CMRglc) and higher PiB-PET deposition in AD-affected regions (p < 0.001). Longitudinally, the MeDi--group showed CMRglc declines and PiB increases in these regions, which were greater than those in the MeDi+ group (pinteraction < 0.001). No effects were observed on MRI. Higher MeDi adherence was estimated to provide 1.5 to 3.5 years of protection against AD. CONCLUSION: Lower MeDi adherence was associated with progressive AD biomarker abnormalities in middle-aged adults. These data support further investigation of dietary interventions for protection against brain aging and AD. SN - 1526-632X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29653991/full_citation L2 - http://www.neurology.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=29653991 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -