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Incidence of laxative abuse in community and bulimic populations: a descriptive review.

Abstract

Estimates of the incidence of laxative abuse in bulimics and in the community-at-large vary widely for various population samples. This review identified 73 studies in which laxative abuse could be assessed in bulimics, nonbulimics, and the community-at-large. Relative risk values for laxative abuse among population subsamples were estimated by moment methods statistical procedure based on mixed model analysis. Results indicated that the lifetime occurrence for laxative abuse behavior in the community-at-large was 4.18%. Bulimic behavior increased the risk for laxative abuse 3.57-fold to 14.94%. Several methodologic and population parameter characteristics are examined for their select impact on laxative abuse. Review of medical nomenclature for classifying laxative substances, iatragenic effects of laxative abuse, and assessment recommendations are also included.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Focus Associates, Behavioral Health Resources, Lacey, Washington 98503-5719, USA.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Bulimia
    Cathartics
    Humans
    Incidence
    Prevalence
    Substance-Related Disorders

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    7773258

    Citation

    Neims, D M., et al. "Incidence of Laxative Abuse in Community and Bulimic Populations: a Descriptive Review." The International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 17, no. 3, 1995, pp. 211-28.
    Neims DM, McNeill J, Giles TR, et al. Incidence of laxative abuse in community and bulimic populations: a descriptive review. Int J Eat Disord. 1995;17(3):211-28.
    Neims, D. M., McNeill, J., Giles, T. R., & Todd, F. (1995). Incidence of laxative abuse in community and bulimic populations: a descriptive review. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 17(3), pp. 211-28.
    Neims DM, et al. Incidence of Laxative Abuse in Community and Bulimic Populations: a Descriptive Review. Int J Eat Disord. 1995;17(3):211-28. PubMed PMID: 7773258.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Incidence of laxative abuse in community and bulimic populations: a descriptive review. AU - Neims,D M, AU - McNeill,J, AU - Giles,T R, AU - Todd,F, PY - 1995/4/1/pubmed PY - 1995/4/1/medline PY - 1995/4/1/entrez SP - 211 EP - 28 JF - The International journal of eating disorders JO - Int J Eat Disord VL - 17 IS - 3 N2 - Estimates of the incidence of laxative abuse in bulimics and in the community-at-large vary widely for various population samples. This review identified 73 studies in which laxative abuse could be assessed in bulimics, nonbulimics, and the community-at-large. Relative risk values for laxative abuse among population subsamples were estimated by moment methods statistical procedure based on mixed model analysis. Results indicated that the lifetime occurrence for laxative abuse behavior in the community-at-large was 4.18%. Bulimic behavior increased the risk for laxative abuse 3.57-fold to 14.94%. Several methodologic and population parameter characteristics are examined for their select impact on laxative abuse. Review of medical nomenclature for classifying laxative substances, iatragenic effects of laxative abuse, and assessment recommendations are also included. SN - 0276-3478 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/7773258/full_citation L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0276-3478&date=1995&volume=17&issue=3&spage=211 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -