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Pharmacological nutrition after burn injury.
J Nutr 1998; 128(5):797-803JN

Abstract

Burn patients develop pathophysiological alterations, which include extensive nitrogen loss, malnutrition, markedly increased metabolic rate and immunologic deficiency. This predisposes burn patients to frequent infections, poor wound healing, increased length of hospitalization and increased mortality. The nutritional support requires high protein and high energy diets preferably administered enterally soon after injury. The effects of increased dietary components such as glutamine, arginine and (n-3) fatty acids and related compounds have been evaluated in burn victims. These components, when supplied in quantities two to seven times of those in normal diets of healthy persons, appear to have beneficial pharmacological effects on the pathophysiological alterations associated with burns. However, the efficacy of immune-enhancing diets remains to be convincingly shown.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro de Química de Proteínas, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, 14049-900, S.P., Brazil.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9566984

Citation

De-Souza, D A., and L J. Greene. "Pharmacological Nutrition After Burn Injury." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 128, no. 5, 1998, pp. 797-803.
De-Souza DA, Greene LJ. Pharmacological nutrition after burn injury. J Nutr. 1998;128(5):797-803.
De-Souza, D. A., & Greene, L. J. (1998). Pharmacological nutrition after burn injury. The Journal of Nutrition, 128(5), pp. 797-803.
De-Souza DA, Greene LJ. Pharmacological Nutrition After Burn Injury. J Nutr. 1998;128(5):797-803. PubMed PMID: 9566984.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pharmacological nutrition after burn injury. AU - De-Souza,D A, AU - Greene,L J, PY - 1998/6/13/pubmed PY - 1998/6/13/medline PY - 1998/6/13/entrez SP - 797 EP - 803 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J. Nutr. VL - 128 IS - 5 N2 - Burn patients develop pathophysiological alterations, which include extensive nitrogen loss, malnutrition, markedly increased metabolic rate and immunologic deficiency. This predisposes burn patients to frequent infections, poor wound healing, increased length of hospitalization and increased mortality. The nutritional support requires high protein and high energy diets preferably administered enterally soon after injury. The effects of increased dietary components such as glutamine, arginine and (n-3) fatty acids and related compounds have been evaluated in burn victims. These components, when supplied in quantities two to seven times of those in normal diets of healthy persons, appear to have beneficial pharmacological effects on the pathophysiological alterations associated with burns. However, the efficacy of immune-enhancing diets remains to be convincingly shown. SN - 0022-3166 UR - http://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9566984/full_citation L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jn/128.5.797 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -