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(Asperger syndrome)
2,134 results
  • Risk markers for suicidality in autistic adults. [Journal Article]
  • MAMol Autism 2018; 9:42
  • Cassidy S, Bradley L, … Baron-Cohen S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Results confirm previously reported high rates of suicidality in ASC, and demonstrate that ASC diagnosis, and self-reported autistic traits in the general population are independent risk markers for suicidality. This suggests there are unique factors associated with autism and autistic traits that increase risk of suicidality. Camouflaging and unmet support needs appear to be risk markers for suicidality unique to ASC. Non-suicidal self-injury, employment, and mental health problems appear to be risk markers shared with the general population that are significantly more prevalent in the autistic community. Implications for understanding and prevention of suicide in ASC are discussed.
  • Diagnostic tests for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in preschool children. [Review]
  • CDCochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 Jul 24; 7:CD009044
  • Randall M, Egberts KJ, … Williams K
  • CONCLUSIONS: We observed substantial variation in sensitivity and specificity of all tests, which was likely attributable to methodological differences and variations in the clinical characteristics of populations recruited.When we compared summary statistics for ADOS, CARS, and ADI-R, we found that ADOS was most sensitive. All tools performed similarly for specificity. In lower prevalence populations, the risk of falsely identifying children who do not have ASD would be higher.Now available are new versions of tools that require diagnostic test accuracy assessment, ideally in clinically relevant situations, with methods at low risk of bias and in children of varying abilities.
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