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(Asperger syndrome)
2,145 results
  • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in girls. Co-occurring psychopathology. Sex differences in clinical manifestation. [Journal Article]
  • PPPsychiatr Pol 2018 Aug 24; 52(4):629-639
  • Rynkiewicz A, Łucka I
  • CONCLUSIONS: ASD girls are at risk of receiving non-spectrum classification in ADOS or ADOS-2 while their developmental history and clinical manifestation confirm ASD. Clinical data suggests that ASD girls present more abnormalities in sensory profile. ASD girls are at greater risk for developing anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation, and for psychiatric hospitalization. ASD boys appear to be at greater risk for co-occurring ADHD, OCD and tics.
  • Sex Hormones Regulate SHANK Expression. [Journal Article]
  • FMFront Mol Neurosci 2018; 11:337
  • Berkel S, Eltokhi A, … Rappold GA
  • Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a higher prevalence in male individuals compared to females, with a ratio of affected boys compared to girls of 4:1 for ASD and 11:1 for Asperger syndrome. Mutati...
  • Gyrification changes are related to cognitive strengths in autism. [Journal Article]
  • NCNeuroimage Clin 2018; 20:415-423
  • Duret P, Samson F, … Mottron L
  • CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of their direction, regional gyrification differences in visual and language processing areas respectively reflect AS-SOD perceptual and AS-NoSOD language-oriented peaks. Unique regional maturation trajectories in the autistic brain may underline specific cognitive strengths, which are key variables for understanding heterogeneity in autism.
  • [Social cognition in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder: Points of convergence and functional differences]. [Journal Article]
  • EEncephale 2018 Aug 16
  • Le Gall E, Iakimova G
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present revue of the studies which directly compare individuals with ASD and schizophrenia on different domains of social cognition indicates that both disorders exhibit differences and similarities with regard to behavioral performances. Results in neuroimaging indicate different neurocognitive mechanisms underlie apparently similar social-cognitive impairments. Further studies are needed to better explore and describe divergent neurocognitive mechanisms in ASD and schizophrenia in order to provide treatment and remediation methods that take into account the specificities of neurocognitive processes in the two disorders.
  • Risk markers for suicidality in autistic adults. [Journal Article]
  • MAMol Autism 2018; 9:42
  • Cassidy S, Bradley L, … Baron-Cohen S
  • CONCLUSIONS: Results confirm previously reported high rates of suicidality in ASC, and demonstrate that ASC diagnosis, and self-reported autistic traits in the general population are independent risk markers for suicidality. This suggests there are unique factors associated with autism and autistic traits that increase risk of suicidality. Camouflaging and unmet support needs appear to be risk markers for suicidality unique to ASC. Non-suicidal self-injury, employment, and mental health problems appear to be risk markers shared with the general population that are significantly more prevalent in the autistic community. Implications for understanding and prevention of suicide in ASC are discussed.
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