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37 results
  • [Delusional misidentification syndromes: A factor associated with violence? Literature review of case reports]. [Review]
    Encephale 2018; 44(4):372-378Horn M, Pins D, … Amad A
  • CONCLUSIONS: DMS are associated with several risk factors of violence, such as a diagnosis of schizophrenia, specific delusions including megalomania, persecution, negative affects and identified targets. Despite this risk for severe violence, there are no existing guidelines on how to assess and treat DMS in schizophrenia. Accordingly, we propose (1) the establishment of formal diagnostic criteria, (2) the development of rigorous research on these syndromes and (3) the integration of DMS in assessment of violence risk in schizophrenic patients.
  • [Orthopaedics' megalomania - myth or mobbing?] [Journal Article]
    Ugeskr Laeger 2016; 178(50)Gundtoft PH, Brand E, … Weisskirchner KB
  • CONCLUSIONS: Orthopaedic surgeons in general are not more self-confident than other doctors or the average population, but young orthopaedic surgeons have a very high level of confidence in their own operation skills.
  • Cognitive simplicity and self-deception are crucial in martyrdom and suicide terrorism. [Comment]
    Behav Brain Sci 2014; 37(4):366-7Fink B, Trivers R
  • Suicide attacks and terrorism are characterized by cognitive simplicity, which is related to self-deception. In justifying violence in pursuit of ideologically and/or politically driven commitment, people with high religious commitment may be particularly prone to mechanisms of self-deception. Related megalomania and glorious self-perception are typical of self-deception, and are thus crucial in …
  • [State of dementia due to intermittent acute porphyria: a case report]. [Case Reports]
    Encephale 2014; 40(4):345-50Convert H, Védie C
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our hypothesis was that chronic and debilitating psychopathology may be due to acute intermittent porphyria. Probably, among patients treated for psychiatric illness, some of them may suffer from this enzyme abnormality. Above all, the psychopathology associated with intermittent acute porphyria is polymorphous such as atypical psychosis, schizoaffective disorder, depression, apathetic withdrawal, and in this case report dementia. In like manner, organic manifestations are numerous and varied, leading to erroneous diagnosis. We suspect that patients with porphyria are common among mentally ill subjects. Do we have to test all our psychiatric patients for porphyria? It seems that the prevalence of intermittent acute porphyria in the psychiatric patient population is 0.21%, whereas the prevalence in the normal population is from 0.001 to 0.002%.The early detection of porphyria may diminish morbidity and mortality rates, and perhaps heal some chronic atypical psychiatric illnesses.
  • The life and music of Alexander Scriabin: megalomania revisited. [Historical Article]
    Australas Psychiatry 2012; 20(1):57-60Starcevic V
  • CONCLUSIONS: Scriabin was a highly original composer, who brought innovations to the idiom of music. He firmly believed that music and philosophy were inseparable and that music was only a vehicle for expressing ideas and emotional states. As Scriabin was getting more preoccupied with mysticism and as he was developing a belief that his mission was to save the world through his art, his music became more esoteric. Over the last five years of his life, he composed relatively little, as he was working on a supergrandiose project that he never completed. Scriabin's grandiosity, which had delusional qualities, might have diminished his creativity towards the end of his life and contributed to his destructive fantasies. All along, his social façade was well preserved and he was not noted to exhibit overt psychotic behaviour, suggesting an encapsulated delusional megalomania. The implications of megalomania, especially in creative or otherwise influential individuals, are briefly discussed.
  • Katatonia: a new conceptual understanding of catatonia and a new rating scale. [Journal Article]
    Psychiatry (Edgmont) 2008; 5(12):42-50Carroll BT, Kirkhart R, … Talbert R
  • MODERN PSYCHIATRIC NOSOLOGIES SEPARATE CATATONIA ALONG THE LINES OF PRESUMED ETIOLOGY: bipolar, major depression, schizophrenia, and/or due to a general medical condition. Catatonic signs have always possessed significant diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic value. Kahlbaum's description of this syndrome in his monograph "Katatonia" included careful documentation of phenomenology. Kahlbaum sel…
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